A map projection manages distortions introduced when representing the 3D surface of the Earth on a 2D display. Distortions manifest themselves in the display of areas, distances, directions, and shapes. To address this problem, software like MATLAB and Mapping Toolbox can be used to create accurate maps for your data by controlling the map projection used in your display.
MATLAB with Mapping Toolbox provides more than 65 of the most popular projections in three main classes: cylindrical, conic, and azimuthal. In addition, the toolbox enables you to work within Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM), a collection of several cylindrical map projections, as well as re-project data into and out of UTM zones.