# Direction Cosine Matrix to Rodrigues

Convert direction cosine matrix to Euler-Rodrigues vector

• Library:
• Utilities / Axes Transformations

## Description

The Direction Cosine Matrix to Rodrigues block determines the 3-by-3 direction cosine matrix from a 3-element Euler-Rodrigues vector.

## Ports

### Input

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Direction cosine matrix from which to determine the Euler-Rodrigues vector.

Data Types: `double`

### Output

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Euler-Rodrigues vector determined from the direction cosine matrix.

Data Types: `double`

## Algorithms

An Euler-Rodrigues vector $\stackrel{⇀}{b}$ represents a rotation by integrating a direction cosine of a rotation axis with the tangent of half the rotation angle as follows:

`$\stackrel{\to }{b}=\left[\begin{array}{ccc}{b}_{x}& {b}_{y}& {b}_{z}\end{array}\right]$`

where:

`$\begin{array}{l}{b}_{x}=\mathrm{tan}\left(\frac{1}{2}\theta \right){s}_{x},\\ {b}_{y}=\mathrm{tan}\left(\frac{1}{2}\theta \right){s}_{y},\\ {b}_{z}=\mathrm{tan}\left(\frac{1}{2}\theta \right){s}_{z}\end{array}$`

are the Rodrigues parameters. Vector $\stackrel{⇀}{s}$ represents a unit vector around which the rotation is performed. Due to the tangent, the rotation vector is indeterminate when the rotation angle equals ±pi radians or ±180 deg. Values can be negative or positive.

## References

[1] Dai, J.S. "Euler-Rodrigues formula variations, quaternion conjugation and intrinsic connections." Mechanism and Machine Theory, 92, 144-152. Elsevier, 2015.