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Create V-dipole antenna


The dipoleVee object is a planar V-dipole antenna in the X-Y plane.

The width of the dipole is related to the circular cross-section by the equation


, where:

  • d is the diameter of equivalent cylindrical pole

  • r is the radius of equivalent cylindrical pole

For a given cylinder radius, use the cylinder2strip utility function to calculate the equivalent width. The V-dipole antenna is bent around the feed point. The default V-dipole is center-fed and is in the X-Y plane. The feed point of the V-dipole antenna coincides with the origin.



dv = dipoleVee
dv = dipoleVee(Name,Value)


dv = dipoleVee creates a half-wavelength V-dipole antenna.


dv = dipoleVee(Name,Value) creates a half-wavelength V-dipole antenna, with additional properties specified by one or more name-value pair arguments. Name is the property name and Value is the corresponding value. You can specify several name-value pair arguments in any order as Name1, Value1, ..., NameN, ValueN. Properties not specified retain their default values.


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Length of two arms, specified as a two-element vector in meters. By default, the arm lengths are chosen for an operating frequency of 75 MHz.

Example: 'ArmLength',[1,3]

Data Types: double

V-dipole arm width, specified as a scalar in meters.


Dipole width should be less than Total Arm Length/5 and greater than Total Arm Length/1001. [2]

Example: 'Width',0.05

Data Types: double

Angle made by two arms about X-Y plane, specified as a two-element vector in degrees.

Example: 'ArmElevation',[55 35]

Data Types: double

Lumped elements added to the antenna feed, specified as a lumped element object handle. For more information, see lumpedElement.

Example: 'Load',lumpedelement. lumpedelement is the object handle for the load created using lumpedElement.

Tilt angle of antenna, specified as a scalar or vector with each element unit in degrees.

Example: 'Tilt',90

Example: 'Tilt',[90 90 0]

Data Types: double

Tilt axis of the antenna, specified as:

  • A three-element vector of Cartesian coordinates in meters. In this case, each vector starts at the origin and lies along the specified points on the X, Y, and Z axes.

  • Two points in space as three-element vectors of Cartesian coordinates. In this case, the antenna rotates along the line joining the two points.

  • A string input for simple rotations around the principal planes, X, Y, or Z.

For more information see, Rotate Antenna and Arrays

Example: 'TiltAxis',[0 1 0]

Example: 'TiltAxis',[0 0 0;0 1 0]

Example: 'TiltAxis','Z'

Data Types: double

Object Functions

showDisplay antenna or array structure; Display shape as filled patch
infoDisplay information about antenna or array
axialRatioAxial ratio of antenna
beamwidthBeamwidth of antenna
chargeCharge distribution on metal or dielectric antenna or array surface
currentCurrent distribution on metal or dielectric antenna or array surface
designDesign prototype antenna for resonance at specified frequency
EHfieldsElectric and magnetic fields of antennas; Embedded electric and magnetic fields of antenna element in arrays
impedanceInput impedance of antenna; scan impedance of array
meshMesh properties of metal or dielectric antenna or array structure
meshconfigChange mesh mode of antenna structure
patternRadiation pattern of antenna or array; Embedded pattern of antenna element in array
patternAzimuthAzimuth pattern of antenna or array
patternElevationElevation pattern of antenna or array
returnLossReturn loss of antenna; scan return loss of array
sparametersS-parameter object
vswrVoltage standing wave ratio of antenna


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Create and view a center-fed V-dipole that has 50 degree arm angles .

dv = dipoleVee('ArmElevation',[50 50])
dv = 
  dipoleVee with properties:

       ArmLength: [1 1]
    ArmElevation: [50 50]
           Width: 0.1000
            Tilt: 0
        TiltAxis: [1 0 0]
            Load: [1x1 lumpedElement]


Calculate the impedance of a V-dipole antenna over the frequency range of 50MHz - 100MHz.

dv = dipoleVee('ArmElevation',[50 50]);


[1] Balanis, C.A. Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design. 3rd Ed. New York: Wiley, 2005.

[2] Volakis, John. Antenna Engineering Handbook. 4th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2007.

Introduced in R2015a

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