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The Baseband PLL (phase-locked loop) block is a feedback control system that automatically adjusts the phase of a locally generated signal to match the phase of an input signal. Unlike the Phase-Locked Loop block, this block uses a baseband method and does not depend on a carrier frequency.

This PLL has these three components:

An integrator used as a phase detector.

A filter. You specify the filter's transfer function using the

**Lowpass filter numerator**and**Lowpass filter denominator**parameters. Each is a vector that gives the respective polynomial's coefficients in order of descending powers of*s*.To design a filter, you can use the Signal Processing Toolbox™ functions

`cheby1`, and`cheby2`. The default filter is a Chebyshev type II filter whose transfer function arises from the command below.`[num, den] = cheby2(3,40,100,'s')`A voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO). You specify the sensitivity of the VCO signal to its input using the

**VCO input sensitivity**parameter. This parameter, measured in Hertz per volt, is a scale factor that determines how much the VCO shifts from its quiescent frequency.

This block accepts a sample-based scalar signal. The input signal represents the received signal. The three output ports produce:

The output of the filter

The output of the phase detector

The output of the VCO

This model is nonlinear; for a linearized version, use the Linearized Baseband PLL block.

**Lowpass filter numerator**The numerator of the lowpass filter's transfer function, represented as a vector that lists the coefficients in order of descending powers of

*s*.**Lowpass filter denominator**The denominator of the lowpass filter's transfer function, represented as a vector that lists the coefficients in order of descending powers of

*s*.**VCO input sensitivity (Hz/V)**This value scales the input to the VCO and, consequently, the shift from the VCO's quiescent frequency.

For more information about phase-locked loops, see the works
listed in Selected Bibliography for Synchronization in *Communications System Toolbox™ User's
Guide*.

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