comm.EarlyLateGateTimingSynchronizer System object

Package: comm

Recover symbol timing phase using early-late gate method

Description

The EarlyLateGateTimingSynchronizer object recovers the symbol timing phase of the input signal using the early-late gate method. This object implements a non-data-aided feedback method.

To recover the symbol timing phase of the input signal :

  1. Define and set up your early late gate timing synchronizer object. See Construction.

  2. Call step to recover the symbol timing phase of the input signal according to the properties of comm.EarlyLateGateTimingSynchronizer. The behavior of step is specific to each object in the toolbox.

Construction

H = comm.EarlyLateGateTimingSynchronizer creates a timing phase synchronizer System object™, H. This object recovers the symbol timing phase of the input signal using the early-late gate method.

H = comm.EarlyLateGateTimingSynchronizer(Name,Value) creates an early-late gate timing synchronizer object, H, with each specified property set to the specified value. You can specify additional name-value pair arguments in any order as (Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN).

Properties

SamplesPerSymbol

Number of samples representing each symbol

Specify the number of samples that represent each symbol in the input signal as an integer-valued scalar greater than 1. The default is 4.

ErrorUpdateGain

Error update step size

Specify the step size for updating successive timing phase estimates as a positive real scalar value. Typically, this number is less than 1/SamplesPerSymbol, which corresponds to a slowly varying timing phase. The default is 0.05. This property is tunable.

ResetInputPort

Enable synchronization reset input

Set this property to true to enable resetting the timing phase recovery process based on an input argument value. When you set this property to true, you must specify a reset input value to the step method. When the reset input is a nonzero value, the object restarts the timing phase recovery process. When you set this property to false, the object does not restart. The default is false.

ResetCondition

Condition for timing phase recovery reset

Specify the conditions to reset the timing phase recovery process as one of Never | Every frame. The default is Never. When you set this property to Never, the phase recovery process never restarts. The object operates continuously, retaining information from one symbol to the next. When you set this property to Every frame, the timing phase recovery restarts at the start of each frame of data. In this case, each time the object calls the step method. This property applies when you set the ResetInputPort property to false.

Methods

cloneCreate early-late gate timing phase synchronizer object with same property values
getNumInputsNumber of expected inputs to step method
getNumOutputsNumber of outputs from step method
isLockedLocked status for input attributes and nontunable properties
releaseAllow property value and input characteristics changes
resetReset states of early-late gate timing phase synchronizer
stepRecover symbol timing phase using early-late gate method

Examples

Recover timing phase using the early-late gate method.

% Initialize data 
    L = 16; M = 16; numSymb = 100; snrdB = 30;
    R = 25; rollOff = 0.75; filtDelay = 3; g = 0.07; delay = 6.6498;

% Create System objects
    hMod = comm.RectangularQAMModulator(M, ...
        'NormalizationMethod', 'Average power');
    hTxFilter = comm.RaisedCosineTransmitFilter(...
        'RolloffFactor', rollOff, ...
        'FilterSpanInSymbols', 2*filtDelay, ...
        'OutputSamplesPerSymbol', L);
    hDelay = dsp.VariableFractionalDelay('MaximumDelay', L);
    hChan = comm.AWGNChannel('NoiseMethod',  ...
        'Signal to noise ratio (SNR)', 'SNR', snrdB, ...
        'SignalPower', 1/L);
    hRxFilter = comm.RaisedCosineReceiveFilter(...
        'RolloffFactor', rollOff, ...
        'FilterSpanInSymbols', 2*filtDelay, ...
        'InputSamplesPerSymbol', L, ...
        'DecimationFactor', 1);
    hSync = comm.EarlyLateGateTimingSynchronizer(...
        'SamplesPerSymbol', L, ...
        'ErrorUpdateGain', g);

% Generate random data
    data = randi([0 M-1], numSymb, 1);

% Modulate and filter transmitter data
    modData = step(hMod, data);
    filterData = step(hTxFilter, modData);

% Introduce a random delay and add noise
    delayedData = step(hDelay, filterData, delay);
    chData = step(hChan, delayedData);

% Filter receiver data
    rxData = step(hRxFilter, chData);

% Estimate the delay from the received signal
    [~, phase] = step(hSync, rxData);
    fprintf(1, 'Actual Timing Delay: %f\n', delay);
    fprintf(1, 'Estimated Timing Delay: %f\n', phase(end));

Algorithms

This object implements the algorithm, inputs, and outputs described on the Early-Late Gate Timing Recovery block reference page. The object properties correspond to the block parameters, except:

The block Reset parameter corresponds to the ResetInputPort and ResetCondition properties.
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