Decode data using a Reed-Solomon decoder
The HDL-optimized HDLRSDecoder System object™ recovers a message vector from a Reed-Solomon codeword vector. For proper decoding, the property values for this object should match those in the corresponding HDLRSEncoder System object.
To recover a message vector from a Reed-Solomon codeword vector optimized for HDL code generation:
H = comm.HDLRSDecoder creates an HDL-optimized RS decoder System object, H, that performs Reed-Solomon (RS) decoding.
H = comm.HDLRSDecoder(Name,Value) creates an HDL-optimized RS decoder System object, H, with additional options specified by one or more Name,Value pair arguments, where Name is a property name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside single quotes (''). You can specify several name-value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.
H = comm.HDLRSDecoder(N,K,Name,Value) creates an HDL-optimized RS decoder System object, H, with the CodewordLength property set to N, the MessageLength property set to K, and other specified property Names set to the specified Values.
B value for polynomial generation
Source of B, the starting power for roots of the primitive polynomial
Specify the source of the B value as one of these values:
Specify the codeword length of the RS code as a double-precision, positive, integer scalar value. The default is 7.
If you set the PrimitivePolynomialSource property to Auto, CodewordLength must be in the range 3 < CodewordLength 216–1.
When you set the PrimitivePolynomialSource property to Property, CodewordLength must be in the range 3 CodewordLength 2M–1. M is the degree of the primitive polynomial that you specify with the PrimitivePolynomialSource and PrimitivePolynomial properties. M must be in the range 3 M 16. The difference (CodewordLength –MessageLength) must be an even integer. The value of this property is rounded up to 2M–1.
If the value of this property is less than 2M–1, the object assumes a shortened RS code.
Specify the message length as a double-precision, positive integer scalar value. The default is 3. The difference (CodewordLength – MessageLength) must be an even integer.
Enable number of errors output
When you set this property to true, the step method outputs number of corrected errors. The number of corrected errors is not valid when errOut is asserted, since there were more errors than could be corrected. The default is false.
Source of primitive polynomial
Specify the source of the primitive polynomial as Auto | Property. The default is Auto.
When you set this property to Property, you can specify a polynomial using the PrimitivePolynomial property.
Specify the primitive polynomial that defines the finite field GF(2M) corresponding to the integers that form messages and codewords. You must set this property to a double-precision, binary row vector that represents a primitive polynomial over GF(2) of degree M in descending order of powers.
This property applies when you set the PrimitivePolynomialSource property to Property.
|clone||Create HDLRSDecoder System object with same property values|
|isLocked||Locked status for input attributes and nontunable properties|
|release||Allow property value and input characteristics change|
|step||Perform Reed-Solomon decoding|
Create an HDLRSEncoder object with RS(255,239) code. This is the code used in the IEEE802.16 Broadband Wireless Access standard.
B is the starting power of the roots of the primitive polynomial.
hHDLEnc = comm.HDLRSEncoder(255,239,'BSource','Property','B',0)
hHDLEnc = System: comm.HDLRSEncoder Properties: CodewordLength: 255 MessageLength: 239 PrimitivePolynomialSource: 'Auto' PuncturePatternSource: 'None' BSource: 'Property' B: 0
Create a random message to encode. This message is smaller than the codeword length to demonstrate the shortened-code capability of the objects. Pad the message with zeros to accomodate the Chien search in the decoder and the decoder latency.
messageLength = 188; dataIn = [randi([0,255],1,messageLength,'uint8') zeros(1,1024-messageLength)]; for ii = 1:1024 messageStart = (ii==1); messageEnd = (ii==messageLength); validIn = (ii<=messageLength); [encOut(ii), startOut(ii), endOut(ii), validOut(ii)] = step(hHDLEnc, dataIn(ii), messageStart, messageEnd, validIn); end
Inject errors at random locations in the encoded message. Reed-Solomon can correct up to (N-K)/2 errors in each N symbols. So, in this example the error correction capability is (255-239)/2=8 symbols.
numErrors = 8; loc = randperm(messageLength, numErrors); % encOut is qualified by validOut, use an offset for injecting errors vi = find(validOut==true,1); for i = 1:numErrors idx = loc(i)+vi; symbol = encOut(idx); encOut(idx) = randi([0 255],'uint8'); fprintf('Symbol(%d), was 0x%x now 0x%x.\n', loc(i), symbol, encOut(idx)); end
Symbol(147), was 0x1f now 0x82. Symbol(16), was 0x6b now 0x82. Symbol(173), was 0x3 now 0xd1. Symbol(144), was 0x66 now 0xcb. Symbol(90), was 0x13 now 0xa4. Symbol(80), was 0x5a now 0x60. Symbol(82), was 0x95 now 0xcf. Symbol(56), was 0xf5 now 0x88.
Create an RS Decoder to detect and correct errors in the message. It must have the same code and polynomial as the encoder.
hHDLDec = comm.HDLRSDecoder(255,239,'BSource','Property','B',0) for ii = 1:1024 [decOut(ii), decStartOut(ii), decEndOut(ii), decValidOut(ii), decErrOut(ii)] = step(hHDLDec, encOut(ii), startOut(ii), endOut(ii), validOut(ii)); end
hHDLDec = System: comm.HDLRSDecoder Properties: CodewordLength: 255 MessageLength: 239 PrimitivePolynomialSource: 'Auto' BSource: 'Property' B: 0 NumErrorsOutputPort: false
Select the valid decoder output and compare decoded symbols to the original message.
decOut = decOut(decValidOut==1); originalMessage = dataIn(1:messageLength); if all(originalMessage==decOut) fprintf('All %d message symbols were correctly decoded.\n', messageLength); else for jj = 1:messageLength if dataIn(jj)~=decOut(jj) fprintf('Error in decoded symbol(%d). Original 0x%x Decoded 0x%x.\n',jj,dataIn(jj),decOut(jj)); end end end
All 188 message symbols were correctly decoded.