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Block encoder

`code = encode(msg,n,k,'`

`linear/`

* fmt*',genmat)

code = encode(msg,n,k,'

`cyclic/`

`fmt`

code = encode(msg,n,k,'

`hamming/`

`fmt`

code = encode(msg,n,k)

[code,added] = encode(...)

The `encode`

function encodes messages using
one of the following error-correction coding methods:

Linear block

Cyclic

Hamming

For all of these methods, the codeword length is `n`

and
the message length is `k`

.

`msg`

, which represents the messages, can have one of several formats. The
**Information Formats** table shows which formats
are allowed for `msg`

, how the argument
* fmt* should reflect the format of

`msg`

, and how the format of the output `code`

depends on these choices. The examples in the table are for ```
k =
4
```

. If `fmt`

`binary`

**Information Formats**

Dimension
of `msg` | Value of fmt Argument | Dimension of `code` |
---|---|---|

Binary column or row vector | `binary` | Binary column or row vector |

Example: ```
msg = [0 1 1
0, 0 1 0 1, 1 0 0 1].'
``` | ||

Binary matrix with `k` columns | `binary` | Binary matrix with `n` columns |

Example: ```
msg = [0 1 1
0; 0 1 0 1; 1 0 0 1]
``` | ||

Column or row vector of
integers in the range [0, `2^k-1` ] | `decimal` | Column or row vector of
integers in the range [0, `2^n-1` ] |

Example: ```
msg = [6, 10,
9].'
``` |

If `2^n`

or `2^k`

is large, use the default
** binary** format instead of the

`decimal`

`code = encode(msg,n,k,'`

encodes `linear/`

* fmt*',genmat)

`msg`

using `genmat`

as
the generator matrix for the linear block encoding method. `genmat`

,
a `k`

-by-`n`

matrix, is required
as input.`code = encode(msg,n,k,'`

encodes `cyclic/`

* fmt*',genpoly)

`msg`

and
creates a systematic cyclic code. `genpoly`

is a polynomial
character vector or a row vector that gives the coefficients,
in order of ascending powers, of the binary generator polynomial.
The default value of `genpoly`

is `cyclpoly`

`(n,k)`

. By definition,
the generator polynomial for an [n,k] cyclic code must have degree
n-k and must divide x`code = encode(msg,n,k,'`

encodes `hamming/`

* fmt*',prim_poly)

`msg`

using
the Hamming encoding method. For this syntax, `n`

must
have the form 2`k`

must equal `n`

-m. `prim_poly`

is
a polynomial character vector or
a row vector that gives the binary coefficients, in order of ascending
powers, of the primitive polynomial for GF(2`prim_poly`

is
the default primitive polynomial `gfprimdf`

(m).`code = encode(msg,n,k)`

is
the same as `code = encode(msg,n,k,'hamming/binary')`

.

`[code,added] = encode(...)`

returns
the additional variable `added`

. `added`

is
the number of zeros that were placed at the end of the message matrix
before encoding in order for the matrix to have the appropriate shape.
“Appropriate” depends on `n`

, `k`

,
the shape of `msg`

, and the encoding method.

Depending on the encoding method, `encode`

relies
on such lower-level functions as `hammgen`

and `cyclgen`

.

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