Apply phase and frequency offsets to complex baseband signal
The Phase/Frequency Offset block applies phase and frequency offsets to an incoming signal.
The block inherits its output data type from the input signal. If the input signal is u(t), then the output signal is:
f(t) = Frequency offset
φ(t) = Phase offset
The discrete-time output is:
Δt = Sample time
This block accepts real and complex inputs of data type
The block applies a phase offset to the input signal, specified by the Phase offset parameter.
The block applies a frequency offset to the input signal, specified
by the Frequency offset parameter. Alternatively,
when you select Frequency offset from port, the
port provides the offset to the block. The frequency offset must be
a scalar value, vector with the same number of rows or columns as
the data input, or a matrix with the same size as the data input.
For more information, see Interdependent Parameter-Port Dimensions.
The effects of changing the block's parameters are illustrated by the following scatter plots of a signal modulated by 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM). The usual 16-ary QAM constellation without the effect of the Phase/Frequency Offset block is shown in the first scatter plot:
The following figure shows a scatter plot of an output signal,
modulated by 16-ary QAM, from the Phase/Frequency Offset block with Phase
offset set to
20 and Frequency
offset set to
Observe that each point in the constellation is rotated by a 20 degree angle counterclockwise.
If you set Frequency offset to
2 and Phase
0, the angles of points in
the constellation change linearly over time. This causes points in
the scatter plot to shift radially, as shown in the following figure:
Note that every point in the scatter plot has magnitude equal to a point in the original constellation.
See Illustrate RF Impairments That Distort a Signal for a description of the model that generates this plot.
|Number of Dimensions||Data I/O Dimension||Frame Size||Number of Channels||Frequency/Phase Offset Parameter Dimension||Frequency Offset Input Port Dimension|
|2||M-by-1||M||1||M-by-1, 1-by-M, 1-by-1||M, M-by-1, 1, 1-by-1|
|2||1-by-N||1||N||N-by-1, 1-by-N, 1-by-1||N, 1-by-N, 1, 1-by-1|
|2||M-by-N||M||N||M-by-N, N-by-1, 1-by-N, M-by-1, 1-by-M, 1-by-1||M-by-N, N, 1-by-N, 1, 1-by-1, M, M-by-1|
When you specify a scalar offset parameter the block applies the same offset to all elements of the input signal
When you specify a 2-by-1 offset parameter for a 2-by-3 input signal (one offset value per sample), the block applies the same sample offset across the three channels.
When you specify a 1-by-3 offset parameter for a 2-by-3 input signal (one offset value per channel), the same channel offset is applied across the two samples of a channel.
When you specify a 2-by-3 offset parameter for a 2-by-3 input signal (one offset value per sample for each channel), the offsets are applied element-wise to the input signal.
Selecting this option opens a port on the block through which you can input the frequency offset information.
Specifies the frequency offset in hertz.
This parameter is tunable in normal mode, Accelerator mode and Rapid Accelerator mode. If you use the Simulink® Coder™ rapid simulation (RSIM) target to build an RSIM executable, then you can tune the parameter without recompiling the model. For more information, see Tunable Parameters (Simulink) in the Simulink User's Guide.
Specifies the phase offset in degrees.
This parameter is tunable in normal mode, Accelerator mode and Rapid Accelerator mode. If you use the Simulink Coder rapid simulation (RSIM) target to build an RSIM executable, then you can tune the parameter without recompiling the model. For more information, see Tunable Parameters (Simulink) in the Simulink User's Guide.
If Frequency offset and Phase offset are both vectors or both matrices, their dimensions (vector lengths, or number of rows and columns) must be the same.