Set Property Values at Construction Time

This example shows how to define a System object™ constructor and allow it to accept name-value property pairs as input.

Set Properties to Use Name-Value Pair Input

Define the System object constructor, which is a method that has the same name as the class (MyFile in this example). Within that method, you use the setProperties method to make all public properties available for input when the user constructs the object. nargin is a MATLAB function that determines the number of input arguments. varargin indicates all of the object's public properties.

methods 
   function obj = MyFile(varargin)
      setProperties(obj,nargin,varargin{:});
   end
end

Complete Class Definition File with Constructor Setup

classdef MyFile < matlab.System
% MyFile write numbers to a file

    % These properties are nontunable. They cannot be changed
    % after the setup or step method has been called.
    properties (Nontunable)
        Filename ='default.bin' % the name of the file to create
        Access = 'wb' % The file access string (write, binary)
    end

    % These properties are private. Customers can only access
    % these properties through methods on this object
    properties (Hidden,Access = private)
        pFileID; % The identifier of the file to open
    end

    methods 
        % You call setProperties in the constructor to let 
        % a user specify public properties of object as 
        % name-value pairs.
        function obj = MyFile(varargin)
          setProperties(obj,nargin,varargin{:});
        end
    end

    methods (Access = protected)
        % In setup allocate any resources, which in this case is
        % opening the file.
        function setupImpl(obj)
            obj.pFileID = fopen(obj.Filename,obj.Access);
            if obj.pFileID < 0
                error('Opening the file failed');
            end
        end

        % This System object writes the input to the file.
        function stepImpl(obj,data)
            fwrite(obj.pFileID,data);
        end

        % Use release to close the file to prevent the
        % file handle from being left open.
        function releaseImpl(obj)
            fclose(obj.pFileID);
        end
    end
end

See Also

Related Examples

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