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Configure Your Java Environment

Before you can compile MATLAB® functions into Java® packages or use the generated Java packages in a Java development environment, you need to ensure that your Java environment is properly configured. You must verify that:

  • Your system uses the same version of the Java Developer’s Kit (JDK™) as MATLAB.

  • JAVA_HOME is set to the folder containing the system’s JDK installation.

  • CLASSPATH contains all of the MATLAB library JAR files and the JAR files for the packages containing your compiled MATLAB code.

  • The MATLAB native library paths are properly configured.

Note

For updated Java system requirements, including versions of Java Developer's Kit (JDK) and Java Runtime Environment (JRE), see the supported compiler page at http://www.mathworks.com/support/compilers/current_release/.

Install the Required JDK

To install the proper version of the JDK:

  1. Verify the version of Java your MATLAB installation is using by running the following MATLAB command:

    version -java
  2. Download the matching version Java Developer's Kit (JDK) from http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/index.html.

  3. Install the JDK, following the instructions provided by Oracle®.

Note

If you are not developing applications or compiling MATLAB code, you can use the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) instead of the JDK.

Set JAVA_HOME

  1. Set the system environment variable, JAVA_HOME, to point to your JDK installation.

  2. At the MATLAB command prompt, type getenv JAVA_HOME to verify that MATLAB is reading the correct version of JAVA_HOME.

  3. Verify that the folder containing your Java installation has been added to your system PATH environment variable.

Set the CLASSPATH

To build and run a Java application that uses a MATLAB Compiler SDK™ generated package, the system must locate:

  • JAR files containing the MATLAB libraries

  • Packages that you have developed and built with the compiler

Java classes generated by the MATLAB Compiler SDK software use classes contained in the com.mathworks.toolbox.javabuilder package. To use the compiled classes, you need to include a file called javabuilder.jar on the Java class path. You can find this file in one of the following folders:

MATLAB installed on your systemmatlabroot/toolbox/javabuilder/jar
MATLAB Runtime installed on your systemmcrroot/toolbox/javabuilder/jar

Note

matlabroot refers to the root folder into which the MATLAB installer has placed the MATLAB files. mcrroot refers to the root folder under which MATLAB Runtime is installed.

In addition, you need to add to the JAR files created by the compiler to the class path.

Configure the Native Library Path Variables

The operating system uses the native library path to locate native libraries that are needed to run your Java class. See the following list of variable names according to operating system:

Windows® PATH
Linux®LD_LIBRARY_PATH
MacintoshDYLD_LIBRARY_PATH

The native MATLAB or MATLAB Runtime files needed to execute the compiled MATLAB functions called from the Java code must be included on the paths listed by your system’s native library path variable.

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