Apply function to each element of array on GPU
A = arrayfun(FUN, B)
A = arrayfun(FUN, B, C, ...)
[A, B, ...] = arrayfun(FUN, C, ...)
This method of a gpuArray object is very similar in behavior to the MATLAB® function arrayfun, except that the actual evaluation of the function happens on the GPU, not on the CPU. Thus, any required data not already on the GPU is moved to GPU memory, the MATLAB function passed in for evaluation is compiled for the GPU, and then executed on the GPU. All the output arguments return as gpuArray objects, whose data you can retrieve with the gather method.
A = arrayfun(FUN, B) applies the function specified by FUN to each element of the gpuArray B, and returns the results in gpuArray A. A is the same size as B, and A(i,j,...) is equal to FUN(B(i,j,...)). FUN is a function handle to a function that takes one input argument and returns a scalar value. FUN must return values of the same class each time it is called. The input data must be an array of one of the following types: numeric, logical, or gpuArray. The order in which arrayfun computes elements of A is not specified and should not be relied on.
FUN must be a handle to a function that is written in the MATLAB language (i.e., not a MEX-function).
A = arrayfun(FUN, B, C, ...) evaluates FUN using elements of arrays B, C, ... as input arguments with singleton expansion enabled. The resulting gpuArray element A(i,j,...) is equal to FUN(B(i,j,...), C(i,j,...), ...). The inputs B, C, ... must all have the same size or be scalar. Any scalar inputs are scalar expanded before being input to the function FUN.
One or more of the inputs B, C, ... must be a gpuArray; any of the others can reside in CPU memory. Each array that is held in CPU memory is converted to a gpuArray before calling the function on the GPU. If you plan to use an array in several different arrayfun calls, it is more efficient to convert that array to a gpuArray before making the series of calls to arrayfun.
[A, B, ...] = arrayfun(FUN, C, ...), where FUN is a function handle to a function that returns multiple outputs, returns gpuArrays A, B, ..., each corresponding to one of the output arguments of FUN. arrayfun calls FUN each time with as many outputs as there are in the call to arrayfun. FUN can return output arguments having different classes, but the class of each output must be the same each time FUN is called. This means that all elements of A must be the same class; B can be a different class from A, but all elements of B must be of the same class, etc.
Although the MATLAB arrayfun function allows you to specify optional parameter name/value pairs, the gpuArray arrayfun method does not support these options.
If you define a MATLAB function as follows:
function [o1, o2] = aGpuFunction(a, b, c) o1 = a + b; o2 = o1 .* c + 2;
You can evaluate this on the GPU.
s1 = gpuArray(rand(400)); s2 = gpuArray(rand(400)); s3 = gpuArray(rand(400)); [o1, o2] = arrayfun(@aGpuFunction, s1, s2, s3); whos
Name Size Bytes Class o1 400x400 108 gpuArray o2 400x400 108 gpuArray s1 400x400 108 gpuArray s2 400x400 108 gpuArray s3 400x400 108 gpuArray
Use gather to retrieve the data from the GPU to the MATLAB workspace.
d = gather(o2);