This example uses Parallel Computing Toolbox™ to perform a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) on a GPU. A common use of FFTs is to find the frequency components of a signal buried in a noisy time-domain signal.
Create Data on the GPU
First we simulate the signal. Consider data sampled at 1000 Hz. We start by forming a time axis for our data running for a large number of samples. The signal consists of two harmonic components. We use the
gpuArray function to transfer data to the GPU for further processing. We start by setting up the time vector
timeVec, and then calculate
signal as a combination of two sinusoids at frequencies
sampleFreq = 1000; sampleTime = 1/sampleFreq; numSamples = 2^23; timeVec = gpuArray( (0:numSamples-1) * sampleTime ); freq1 = 2 * pi * 50; freq2 = 2 * pi * 120; signal = sin( freq1 .* timeVec ) + sin( freq2 .* timeVec );
Add Noise to the Signal
We add some random noise to the signal.
signal = signal + 2 * randn( size( timeVec ), 'gpuArray' ); plot( signal(1:100) ); title( 'Noisy time-domain signal' );
Perform Spectral Analysis
Clearly, it is difficult to identify the frequency components from looking at this signal. We can see the frequency components by taking the discrete Fourier transform using the Fast Fourier Transform. Because we sent
signal to the GPU, the FFT is performed on the GPU.
transformedSignal = fft( signal );
Compute the Power Spectral Density
The power spectral density measures the energy at various frequencies.
powerSpectrum = transformedSignal .* conj(transformedSignal) ./ numSamples;
Display the Power Spectral Density
We can plot the powerSpectrum directly
frequencyVector = sampleFreq/2 * linspace( 0, 1, numSamples/2 + 1 ); plot( frequencyVector, real(powerSpectrum(1:numSamples/2+1)) ); title( 'Power spectral density' ); xlabel( 'Frequency (Hz)' );