dsp.IDCT System object

Package: dsp

Inverse discrete cosine transform (IDCT)

Description

The IDCT object computes the inverse discrete cosine transform (IDCT) of an input.

To compute the IDCT of an input:

  1. Define and set up your IDCT object. See Construction.

  2. Call step to compute the IDCT of an input according to the properties of dsp.IDCT. The behavior of step is specific to each object in the toolbox.

Construction

H = dsp.IDCT returns a inverse discrete cosine transform (IDCT) object, H. This object computes the IDCT of a real or complex input signal using the Table lookup method.

H = dsp.IDCT('PropertyName',PropertyValue,...) returns an inverse discrete cosine transform (IDCT) object, H, with each property set to the specified value.

Properties

SineComputation

Method to compute sines and cosines

Specify how the IDCT object computes the trigonometric function values as Trigonometric function or Table lookup. You must set this property to Table lookup for fixed-point inputs. The default is Table lookup.

 Fixed-Point Properties

Methods

cloneCreate inverse discrete cosine transform object with same property values
getNumInputsNumber of expected inputs to step method
getNumOutputsNumber of outputs of step method
isLockedLocked status for input attributes and nontunable properties
releaseAllow property value and input characteristics changes
stepInverse discrete cosine transform (IDCT) of input

Examples

Use DCT to analyze the energy content in a sequence:

x = (1:128).' + 50*cos((1:128).'*2*pi/40);
hdct = dsp.DCT;

X = step(hdct, x);
% Set the DCT coefficients which represent less 
% than 0.1% of the total energy to 0 and 
% reconstruct the sequence using IDCT. 
[XX, ind] = sort(abs(X),1,'descend');
ii = 1;

while (norm([XX(1:ii);zeros(128-ii,1)]) <= 0.999*norm(XX))
     ii = ii+1;
end

disp(['Number of DCT coefficients that represent 99.9%',...
'of the total energy in the sequence: ',num2str(ii)]); 
XXt = zeros(128,1);
XXt(ind(1:ii)) = X(ind(1:ii));
hidct = dsp.IDCT;
xt = step(hidct, XXt);

plot(1:128,[x xt]);
legend('Original signal','Reconstructed signal',...
'location','best'); 

Algorithms

This object implements the algorithm, inputs, and outputs described on the IDCT block reference page. The object properties correspond to the block parameters.

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