IIR decimator
Note:

hm = mfilt.iirdecim(c1,c2,...)
hm = mfilt.iirdecim(c1,c2,...)
constructs
an IIR decimator filter given the coefficients specified in the cell
arrays c1
, c2
, and so on. The
resulting IIR decimator is a polyphase IIR filter where each phase
is a cascade allpass IIR filter.
Each cell array ci
contains a set of vectors
representing a cascade of allpass sections. Each element in one cell
array is one section. For more information about the contents of each
cell array, refer to dfilt.cascadeallpass
.
The contents of the cell arrays are the same for both filter constructors
and mfilt.iirdecim
interprets them same way as mfilt.cascadeallpass
.
The following exception applies to interpreting the contents
of a cell array — if one of the cell arrays ci
contains
only one vector, and that vector comprises a series of 0s and one
element equal to 1, that cell array represents a dfilt.delay
section with latency equal
to the number of zeros, rather than a dfilt.cascadeallpass
section.
This exception case occurs with quasilinear phase IIR decimators.
Although the first example shows how to construct an IIR decimators explicitly, one usually constructs an IIR decimators filter as a result of designing an decimators, as shown in the subsequent examples.
When the coefficients are known, you can construct the IIR decimator
directly using mfilt.iirdecim
. For example, if
the filter's coefficients are [0.6 0.5] for the first phase in the
first stage, 0.7 for the second phase in the first stage and 0.8 for
the third phase in the first stage; as well as 0.5 for the first phase
in the second stage and 0.4 for the second phase in the second stage,
construct the filter as shown here.
Hm = mfilt.iirdecim({[0.6 0.5] 0.7 0.8},{0.5 0.4})
Also refer to the "QuasiLinear Phase Halfband and Dyadic Halfband Designs" section of the "IIR Polyphase Filter Design" example, iirallpassdemo example.
When the coefficients are not known, use the approach given by the following set of examples. Start by designing an elliptic halfband decimator with a decimation factor of 2. The example specifies the optional sampling frequency argument.
tw = 100; % Transition width of filter. ast = 80; % Stopband attenuation of filter. fs = 2000; % Sampling frequency of signal to filter. m = 2; % Decimation factor. hm = fdesign.decimator(m,'halfband','tw,ast',tw,ast,fs);
hm
contains the specifications for a decimator
defined by tw
, ast
, m
,
and fs
.
Use the specification object hm
to design
a mfilt.iirdecim
filter object.
d = design(hm,'ellip','filterstructure','iirdecim'); % Note that realizemdl requires Simulink realizemdl(d) % Build model of the filter.
Designing a linear phase decimator is similar to the previous example. In this case, design a halfband linear phase decimator with decimation factor of 2.
tw = 100; % Transition width of filter. ast = 60; % Stopband attenuation of filter. fs = 2000; % Sampling frequency of signal to filter. m = 2; % Decimation factor.
Create a specification object for the decimator.
hm = fdesign.decimator(m,'halfband','tw,ast',tw,ast,fs);
Finally, design the filter d
.
d = design(hm,'iirlinphase','filterstructure','iirdecim'); % Note that realizemdl requires Simulink realizemdl(d) % Build model of the filter.
The filter implementation appears in this model, generated by realizemdl
and Simulink^{®}.
Given the design specifications shown here
the first phase is a delay section with 0s and a 1 for coefficients and the second phase is a linear phase decimator, shown in the next models.
Phase 1 model
Phase 2 model
Overall model
For more information about Multirate Filter Constructors see the "Getting Started with Multirate Filter (MFILT) Objects" example, mfiltgettingstarteddemo.
dfilt.cascadeallpass
 mfilt
 mfilt.iirinterp
 mfilt.iirwdfdecim