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Variable Bandwidth IIR Filter

Design tunable bandwidth IIR filter

Library

Filtering / Filter Designs

dspfdesign

Description

The Variable Bandwidth IIR Filter block filters each channel of the input signal over time using specified IIR filter specifications. This block offers tunable filter design parameters, which enable you to tune the filter characteristics while the simulation is running.

The block designs the IIR filter according to the filter parameters set in the block dialog box. The output port properties, such as datatype, complexity, and dimension, are identical to the input port properties.

Each column of the input signal is treated as a separate channel. If the input is a two-dimensional signal, the first dimension represents the channel length (or frame size) and the second dimension represents the number of channels. If the input is a one-dimensional signal, then it is interpreted as a single channel.

This block supports variable-size input, enabling you to change the channel length during simulation. To enable variable-size input, clear the Inherit sample rate from input check box. The number of channels must remain constant.

Algorithms

This block brings the capabilities of dsp.VariableBandwidthIIRFilter System object™ to the Simulink® environment.

The IIR filter is designed using the elliptical method. The IIR filter is tuned using IIR spectral transformations based on allpass filters. For more information on the algorithms used by the Variable Bandwidth IIR Filter block, see the Algorithms section of dsp.VariableBandwidthIIRFilter.

Parameters

Filter type

Type of IIR filter. You can set this parameter to:

  • Lowpass (default)

  • Highpass

  • Bandpass

  • Bandstop

This parameter is nontunable.

IIR filter order

Order of the IIR filter, specified as a positive integer scalar. The default is 8. This parameter is nontunable.

Filter passband frequency (Hz)

Passband frequency of the IIR filter, specified as a real positive scalar that is less than half the sample rate of the input signal. This parameter applies when you set Filter type to Lowpass or Highpass. The default is 1000. This parameter is tunable.

Filter center frequency (Hz)

Center frequency of the IIR filter, specified as a real positive scalar that is less than half the sample rate of the input signal. This parameter applies when you set Filter type to Bandpass or Bandstop. The default is 10000. This parameter is tunable.

Filter bandwidth (Hz)

Bandwidth of the IIR filter, specified as a real positive scalar that is less than half the sample rate of the input signal. This parameter applies when you set Filter type to Bandpass or Bandstop. The default is 2000. This parameter is tunable.

Filter passband ripple (dB)

Passband ripple of the IIR filter, specified as a real positive scalar. The default is 1. This parameter is nontunable.

Filter Stopband attenuation (dB)

Stopband attenuation of the IIR filter, specified as a real positive scalar. The default is 60. This parameter is nontunable.

Inherit sample rate from input

When you select this check box, the block’s sample rate is computed as N / Ts, where N is the frame size of the input signal and Ts is the sample time of the input signal. When you clear this check box, the block’s sample rate is the value specified in Input sample rate (Hz). By default, this check box is selected.

Input sample rate (Hz)

Sample rate of the input signal, specified as a positive scalar. The default is 44100. This parameter applies when you clear the Inherit sample rate from input check box. This parameter is nontunable.

View Filter Response

Opens the Filter Visualization Tool FVTool and displays the magnitude/phase response of the Variable Bandwidth IIR Filter. The response is based on the block dialog box parameters. Changes made to these parameters update FVTool.

To update the magnitude response while FVTool is running, modify the dialog box parameters and click Apply.

Simulate using

Type of simulation to run. You can set this parameter to:

  • Code generation (default)

    Simulate model using generated C code. The first time you run a simulation, Simulink generates C code for the block. The C code is reused for subsequent simulations, as long as the model does not change. This option requires additional startup time but provides faster simulation speed than Interpreted execution.

  • Interpreted execution

    Simulate model using the MATLAB®  interpreter. This option shortens startup time but has slower simulation speed than Code generation.

Supported Data Types

PortSupported Data Types

Input

  • Double-precision floating point

  • Single-precision floating point

Output

  • Double-precision floating point

  • Single-precision floating point

References

[1] A. G. Constantinides. Spectral transformations for digital filters, Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Vol. 117, No. 8, 1970, pp. 1585-1590.

See Also

Biquad FilterDSP System Toolbox
Variable Bandwidth FIR FilterDSP System Toolbox
dsp.VariableBandwidthFIRFilterDSP System Toolbox
dsp.VariableBandwidthIIRFilterDSP System Toolbox

Introduced in R2015a

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