Allocate optimal hedge for target costs or sensitivities
[PortSens, PortCost, PortHolds] =
Price, CurrentHolds, FixedInd, NumCosts, TargetCost,
Number of instruments (NINST) by number of sensitivities (NSENS) matrix of dollar sensitivities of each instrument. Each row represents a different instrument. Each column represents a different sensitivity.
NINST-by-1 vector of portfolio instrument unit prices.
NINST-by-1 vector of contracts allocated to each instrument.
(Optional) Number of fixed instruments (NFIXED)-by-1 vector of indices of instruments to hold fixed. For example, to hold the first and third instruments of a 10 instrument portfolio unchanged, set FixedInd = [1 3]. Default = , no instruments held fixed.
(Optional) Number of points generated along the cost frontier when a vector of target costs (TargetCost) is not specified. The default is 10 equally spaced points between the point of minimum cost and the point of minimum exposure. When specifying TargetCost, enter NumCosts as an empty matrix .
(Optional) Vector of target cost values along the cost frontier. If TargetCost is empty, or not entered, hedgeopt evaluates NumCosts equally spaced target costs between the minimum cost and minimum exposure. When specified, the elements of TargetCost should be positive numbers that represent the maximum amount of money the owner is willing to spend to rebalance the portfolio.
(Optional) 1-by-NSENS vector containing the target sensitivity values of the portfolio. When specifying TargetSens, enter NumCosts and TargetCost as empty matrices .
(Optional) Number of constraints (NCONS)
by number of instruments (NINST) matrix of additional
conditions on the portfolio reallocations. An eligible NINST-by-1 vector
of contract holdings, PortWts, satisfies all the
inequalities A*PortWts <= b, where
The user-specified constraints included in ConSet may
be created with the functions pcalims or portcons. However, the portcons default PortHolds positivity
constraints are typically inappropriate for hedging problems since
short-selling is usually required.
Minimize portfolio sensitivities (exposure) for a given set of target costs.
Minimize the cost of hedging a portfolio given a set of target sensitivities.
Hedging involves the fundamental tradeoff between portfolio insurance and the cost of insurance coverage. This function lets investors modify portfolio allocations among instruments to achieve either of the criteria. The chosen criterion is inferred from the input argument list. The problem is cast as a constrained linear least-squares problem.
PortSens is a number of points (NPOINTS)-by-NSENS matrix of portfolio sensitivities. When a perfect hedge exists, PortSens is zeros. Otherwise, the best hedge possible is chosen.
PortCost is a 1-by-NPOINTS vector of total portfolio costs.
PortHolds is an NPOINTS-by-NINST matrix of contracts allocated to each instrument. These are the reallocated portfolios.