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sin

Sine of fixed-point values

Syntax

`y = sin(theta)`

Description

`y = sin(theta)` returns the sine of fi input `theta` using a table-lookup algorithm.

Input Arguments

 `theta` `theta` can be a real-valued, signed or unsigned scalar, vector, matrix, or `N`-dimensional array containing the fixed-point angle values in radians. Valid data types of `theta` are:fi singlefi double fi fixed-point with binary point scaling fi scaled double with binary point scaling

Output Arguments

 `y` `y` is the sine of `theta`. `y` is a signed, fixed-point number in the range [-1,1]. It has a 16-bit word length and 15-bit fraction length (`numerictype(1,16,15)`) .

Examples

Calculate the sine of fixed-point input values.

```theta = fi([-pi/2,-pi/3,-pi/4 0, pi/4,pi/3,pi/2]) theta = theta = -1.5708 -1.0472 -0.7854 0 0.7854 1.0472 1.5708 DataTypeMode: Fixed-point: binary point scaling Signedness: Signed WordLength: 16 FractionLength: 14 y = sin(theta) y = -1.0000 -0.8661 -0.7072 0 0.7070 0.8659 0.9999 DataTypeMode: Fixed-point: binary point scaling Signedness: Signed WordLength: 16 FractionLength: 15 ```

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Sine

The sine of angle Θ is defined as

`$\mathrm{sin}\left(\theta \right)=\frac{{e}^{i\theta }-{e}^{-i\theta }}{2i}$`

Algorithms

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The `sin` function computes the sine of fixed-point input using an 8-bit lookup table as follows:

1. Perform a modulo 2π, so the input is in the range [0,2π) radians.

2. Cast the input to a 16-bit stored integer value, using the 16 most-significant bits.

3. Compute the table index, based on the 16-bit stored integer value, normalized to the full `uint16` range.

4. Use the 8 most-significant bits to obtain the first value from the table.

5. Use the next-greater table value as the second value.

6. Use the 8 least-significant bits to interpolate between the first and second values, using nearest-neighbor linear interpolation.

fimath Propagation Rules

The `sin` function ignores and discards any `fimath` attached to the input, `theta`. The output, `y`, is always associated with the default `fimath`.