Documentation

This is machine translation

Translated by Microsoft
Mouseover text to see original. Click the button below to return to the English verison of the page.

Note: This page has been translated by MathWorks. Please click here
To view all translated materals including this page, select Japan from the country navigator on the bottom of this page.

Bit Slicing and Bit Concatenation

This section describes how to use the functions bitsliceget and bitconcat to access and manipulate bit slices (fields) in a fixed-point or integer word. As an example, consider the operation of swapping the upper and lower 4-bit nibbles of an 8-bit byte. The following example accomplishes this task without resorting to traditional mask-and-shift techniques.

function y = fcn(u)
% NIBBLE SWAP 
y = bitconcat( …
      bitsliceget(u, 4, 1), 
      bitsliceget(u, 8, 5));

The bitsliceget and bitconcat functions map directly to slice and concat operators in both VHDL® and Verilog®.

The following listing shows the corresponding generated VHDL code.

ENTITY fcn IS
    PORT (
        clk : IN std_logic; 
        clk_enable : IN std_logic; 
        reset : IN std_logic;
        u : IN std_logic_vector(7 DOWNTO 0);
        y : OUT std_logic_vector(7 DOWNTO 0));
END nibble_swap_7b;


ARCHITECTURE fsm_SFHDL OF fcn IS


BEGIN
    -- NIBBLE SWAP
    y <= u(3 DOWNTO 0) & u(7 DOWNTO 4);
END fsm_SFHDL;

The following listing shows the corresponding generated Verilog code.

module fcn (clk, clk_enable, reset, u, y );
    input clk;
    input clk_enable;
    input reset;
    input [7:0] u;
    output [7:0] y;

    // NIBBLE SWAP
    assign y = {u[3:0], u[7:4]};

endmodule

Related Examples

More About

Was this topic helpful?