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Cosimulation of HDL Code with HDL Simulators

Generating HDL Cosimulation Blocks for Use with HDL Simulators

The coder supports generation of Simulink® HDL Cosimulation blocks. You can use the generated HDL Cosimulation blocks to cosimulate your filter design using Simulink with an HDL simulator. To use this feature, you must have an HDL Verifier™ license.

The generated HDL Cosimulation blocks are configured to conform to the port and data type interface of the filter selected for code generation. By connecting an HDL Cosimulation block to a Simulink model in place of the filter, you can cosimulate your design with the desired HDL simulator.

To generate HDL Cosimulation blocks:

  1. Select the Test Bench pane in the Generate HDL dialog box.

  2. Select the Cosimulation blocks option.

    When this option is selected, the coder generates and opens a Simulink model that contains an HDL Cosimulation block for each supported HDL simulator.

  3. If you want to generate HDL Cosimulation blocks only (without generating HDL test bench code), clear HDL test bench.

    The following figure shows both HDL test bench and Cosimulation blocks selected.

  4. In the Generate HDL dialog box, click Generate to generate HDL and test bench code.

  5. In addition to the usual code files, the coder generates a Simulink model containing an HDL Cosimulation block for each HDL simulator supported by HDL Verifier.

  6. The generated model is untitled and exists in memory only. Be sure to save it to a destination folder if you want to preserve the model and blocks for use in future sessions.

To configure HDL Cosimulation block parameters, such as timing, latency, and data types, see Define HDL Cosimulation Block Interface.

Command-Line Alternative: Use the generatehdl function with the property GenerateCosimBlock to generate HDL Cosimulation blocks.

Generating a Simulink Model for Cosimulation with an HDL Simulator

    Note:   To use this feature, you must have an HDL Verifier license.

The coder generates a Simulink model, that runs a Simulink simulation of your filter design, and also a cosimulation of your design with an HDL simulator. The model compares the outputs of the Simulink filter with the results of the HDL simulation.

The generated model includes:

  • A behavioral model of the filter design, realized in a Simulink subsystem. The subsystem implements the filter design using basic blocks such as adders and delays.

  • A corresponding HDL Cosimulation block. The coder configures this block to cosimulate the filter design using Simulink with either of the following:

    • Mentor Graphics® ModelSim®

    • Cadence Incisive®

  • Test input data, calculated from the test bench stimulus you specify. The coder stores the test data in the model workspace variable inputdata. A From Workspace block routes test data to the filter subsystem and HDL Cosimulation blocks.

  • A Scope block that lets you observe and compare the test input signal with the outputs of the Filter block and the HDL cosimulation. The scope also shows the difference (error) between these two outputs.

Generating the Model

Generation of a cosimulation model requires registered inputs and/or outputs (see Limitations). Before generating the model, make sure that your model meets this requirement, as follows:

  1. Select the Global Settings pane the Generate HDL dialog box.

  2. In the Global Settings pane, click the Ports tab. Port options appear.

  3. Select both of the following options:

    • Add input register

    • Add output register

To generate the model:

  1. In the Generate HDL dialog box, configure other code generation and test bench parameters as required by your design.

  2. Select the Test bench pane of the Generate HDL dialog box.

  3. Select the Cosimulation model for use with: option. Selecting this option enables the adjacent drop-down menu, where you can select Mentor Graphics ModelSim or Cadence Incisive.

  4. Using the drop-down menu, select which type of HDL Cosimulation block you want in the generated model. Select either Mentor Graphics ModelSim (the default) or Cadence Incisive.

    In the following figure, the cosimulation model type is Mentor Graphics ModelSim, and the stimulus signal is White noise response.

  5. In the Generate HDL dialog box, click Generate to generate HDL and test bench code.

    In addition to the usual code files, the coder generates and opens a Simulink model. The following figure shows the model generated from the coder configuration shown in the previous step.

  6. The generated model is untitled and exists in memory only. Be sure to save it to a destination folder if you want to preserve the model and blocks for use in future sessions.

To configure HDL Cosimulation block parameters, such as timing, latency, and data types, see Define HDL Cosimulation Block Interface.

Details of the Generated Model

The generated model contains the following blocks:

  • Test Stimulus: This From Workspace block routes test data in the model workspace variable inputdata to the filter subsystem and HDL Cosimulation blocks.

  • Filter: This subsystem realizes a behavioral model of the filter design.

  • HDL Cosimulation: This block cosimulates the generated HDL code. The table HDL Cosimulation Block Settings describes how the coder configures the cosimulation block parameters.

  • Reset Delay: The Tcl commands specified in the HDL Cosimulation block apply the reset signal. Reset is high at 0 ns and low at 22 ns (before the third rising clock edge). The Simulink simulation starts feeding the input at 0, 10, 20 ns. The Reset Delay block adds a delay such that the first sample is available to the RTL simulation when it is ready after the reset is applied.

  • HDL Latency: This delay represents the difference between the latency of the RTL simulation and the Simulink behavioral block.

  • Error: Computes the difference between the outputs of the Filter block and the HDL Cosimulation block.

  • Abs: Absolute value of the error computation.

  • Error margin:: Indicator comparing the absolute value of the error with the test bench error margin value (see Setting an Error Margin for Optimized Filter Code).

  • Scope: Displays the input signal, outputs from the Filter block and the HDL Cosimulation blocks, and the difference (if one exists) between the two.

  • Start HDL Simulator button: Starts your HDL cosimulation software.

HDL Cosimulation Block Settings

PaneSettings
Ports

Port names: same as the names in the generated code for the filter.

Input/Output data types: Inherit

Input sample time: Inherit

Output sample time: Same as Simulink fixed step size.

Clocks

Clock port name: same as the name in the generated code for the filter.

Active clock edge: Rising

Period: same as the Simulink sample time.

Timescales1 second in Simulink corresponds to 1 tick in the HDL simulator
Connection

Connection Mode: Full Simulation

Connection Method: Shared memory

Tcl (Pre-simulation commands)
force /Hlp/clk_enable 1;
force /Hlp/reset 1 0 ns, 0 22 ns;
puts -----------------------------------------
puts "Running Simulink Cosimulation block.";
puts [clock format [clock seconds]]
Tcl (Post-simulation commands)
force /Hlp/reset 1
puts [clock format [clock seconds]]

Generated Model Settings.  The generated model has the following nondefault settings:

  • Solver: Discrete (no continuous states).

  • Solver Type: Fixed-step.

  • Stop Time: Ts * StimLen, where Ts is the Simulink sample time and StimLen is the stimulus length.

  • Sample Time Colors: enabled

  • Port Data Types: enabled

  • Hardware Implementation: ASIC/FPGA

Limitations

  • A cosimulation that runs without encountering errors requires that outputs from the generated HDL code are synchronous with the clock. Before generating code, make sure that both of the following options are selected:

    • Add input register

    • Add output register

    If you do not select either of these options, the coder terminates model generation with an error. However, test bench code generation is completed.

  • The coder does not support generation of a cosimulation model when the target language is Verilog and data of type double is generated.

Command-Line Alternative

Use the generatehdl function, passing in one of the following values for the property GenerateCosimModel.

  • generatehdl(filterObj,'GenerateCosimModel','Incisive'); 
  • generatehdl(filterObj,'GenerateCosimModel','ModelSim'); 
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