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entropyfilt

Local entropy of grayscale image

Syntax

J = entropyfilt(I)
J = entropyfilt(I,nhood)

Description

example

J = entropyfilt(I) returns the array J, where each output pixel contains the entropy value of the 9-by-9 neighborhood around the corresponding pixel in the input image I.

For pixels on the borders of I, entropyfilt uses symmetric padding. In symmetric padding, the values of padding pixels are a mirror reflection of the border pixels in I.

J = entropyfilt(I,nhood) performs entropy filtering of the input image I where you specify the neighborhood in nhood. nhood is a multidimensional array of zeros and ones where the nonzero elements specify the neighbors.

Examples

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This example shows how to perform entropy filtering using entropyfilt. Brighter pixels in the filtered image correspond to neighborhoods in the original image with higher entropy.

Read an image into the workspace.

I = imread('circuit.tif');

Perform entropy filtering using entropyfilt.

J = entropyfilt(I);

Show the original image and the processed image.

imshow(I)
title('Original Image')

figure
imshow(J,[])
title('Result of Entropy Filtering')

Input Arguments

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Image to be filtered, specified as a numeric array. logical, uint8, uint16, or double, and must be real and nonsparse. I can have any dimension. If I has more than two dimensions, entropyfilt treats it as a multidimensional grayscale image and not as a truecolor (RGB) image.

Data Types: double | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | logical

Neighborhood, specified as a multidimensional, logical or numeric array containing zeros and ones. nhood's size must be odd in each dimension.

By default, entropyfilt uses the neighborhood true(9). entropyfilt determines the center element of the neighborhood by floor((size(NHOOD) + 1)/2).

To specify neighborhoods of other shapes, such as a disk, use the strel function to create a structuring element object of the desired shape. Then, extract the neighborhood from the structuring element object’s neighborhood property.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | logical

Output Arguments

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Filtered image, returned as a numeric array the same size as the input image and of class double.

Algorithms

entropyfilt converts any class other than logical to uint8 for the histogram count calculation so that the pixel values are discrete and directly correspond to a bin value.

References

[1] Gonzalez, R.C., R.E. Woods, S.L. Eddins, Digital Image Processing Using MATLAB, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 2003, Chapter 11.

Introduced before R2006a

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