Documentation

lteCellSearch

Cell identity search using PSS and SSS

Syntax

  • [cellid,offset,peak] = lteCellSearch(enb,waveform)
    example
  • [cellid,offset,peak] = lteCellSearch(enb,waveform,alg)
  • [cellid,offset,peak] = lteCellSearch(enb,waveform,cellids)

Description

example

[cellid,offset,peak] = lteCellSearch(enb,waveform) returns the cell identity carried by the PSS and SSS signals in the input waveform, the timing offset to the start of the first frame of the waveform, and the peak correlation magnitude. The cell-wide settings structure, enb, defines the link configuration.

[cellid,offset,peak] = lteCellSearch(enb,waveform,alg) takes an additional input structure, alg, which provides control over the cell search. The input structure, alg, contains optional fields to define the SSS detection method, the maximum number of cells to detect, and which cell identities to search.

[cellid,offset,peak] = lteCellSearch(enb,waveform,cellids) uses an additional input to constrain the cell search to the list of cell identities specified by in cellids.

    Note:   This syntax will be removed in a future release. Instead use the syntax [cellid,offset,peak] = lteCellSearch(enb,waveform,alg) and set alg.CellIDs = cellids.

Examples

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Find Cell Identity

Search for the cell identity (in this case 171) of an R.12 RMC waveform.

Initialize reference channel configuration, rmc. Perform cell search on the waveform produced using this configuration.

rmc = lteRMCDL('R.12');
rmc.NCellID = 171;
rmc.TotSubframes = 1;
cellID = lteCellSearch(rmc,lteRMCDLTool(rmc,[1;0;0;1]))
cellID =

   171

Input Arguments

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enb — eNodeB cell-wide settingsstructure

eNodeB cell-wide settings structure that can contain these parameter fields.

Parameter FieldRequired or OptionalValuesDescription
NDLRBRequired

Scalar integer (6, ..., 110). Standard bandwidth values are 6, 15, 25, 50, 75, and 100. NDLRB will also accept the standardized bandwidths in string format from the set {'1.4MHz', '3MHz', ‘5MHz', '10MHz', ‘15MHz', ‘20MHz'}.

Number of downlink (DL) resource blocks (RBs)

CyclicPrefixOptional

'Normal' (default), 'Extended'

Cyclic prefix length

DuplexmodeOptional

'FDD' (default), 'TDD'

Duplexing mode, specified as:

  • 'FDD' for Frequency Division Duplex or

  • 'TDD' for Time Division Duplex

waveform — Time-domain waveformnumeric matrix

Time-domain waveform, specified as a numeric matrix of size T-by-P. Where T is the number of time-domain samples and P is the number of receive antennas. The sampling rate of the time domain waveform must be the same as used in the lteOFDMModulate function for the specified number of resource blocks enb.NDLRB. The number of time domain samples, T, must be sufficient to provide at least one subframe for FDD (or 2 for TDD since in TDD mode PSS and SSS lie in adjacent subframes). For the cell search to succeed, the waveform provided must contain the PSS and SSS signals.

    Note:   enb.NDLRB is only required to specify the sampling rate of waveform.

Data Types: double
Complex Number Support: Yes

alg — Cell search algorithm controlstructure

Cell search algorithm control, specified as a structure. alg accepts these fields defining optional cell search algorithm settings.

Parameter FieldRequired or OptionalValuesDescription
SSSDetectionOptional‘PreFFT' (default), ‘PostFFT'.

SSS detection method.

[a]
MaxCellCountOptionalNonnegative scalar integer. (1, ..., 504), default 1.

The number of cell identities to detect.

[b]
CellIDsOptionalVector of nonnegative integers, default vector (0:503).

A vector containing the cell identities to use for the cell search.

[c]

[a] 'PostFFT' SSS detection operates in the frequency domain. For 'PostFFT':

  • OFDM demodulation is performed using the timing estimate from PSS detection,

  • the demodulated SSS resource elements are correlated with possible SSS sequences to find the cell identity group,

  • and the peak correlation magnitude is the sum of the peak correlation magnitudes from time-domain PSS detection and frequency-domain SSS detection.

[b] When alg.MaxCellCount > 1, the returned cellid, offset, and peak are vectors, with each element corresponding to one cell.

[c] If alg.CellIDs is absent, the output vectors are sorted by decreasing correlation peak magnitude, that is, decreasing peak value. If alg.CellIDs is present and alg.MaxCellCount = numel(alg.CellIDs), the output vectors are in the same order as the cell identities in alg.CellIDs. Sorting the peaks enables monitoring of the peak output for a predetermined set of cells.

cellids — Cell identitiesnonnegative scalar integer | vector of nonnegative integers

Cell identities to be used in the cell search, specified as a nonnegative scalar integer or vector of nonnegative integers.

    Note:   cellids and the syntax it is associated with will be removed in a future release. Instead use alg.CellIDs and the recommended alternate syntax.

Data Types: double

Output Arguments

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cellid — Cell identitynonnegative scalar integer | vector of nonnegative integers

Physical layer cell identity, returned as a nonnegative scalar integer or vector of nonnegative integers. cellid indicates the detected cell identity. The returned cellid is a vector when alg.MaxCellCount > 1 and more than one cell is detected.

The overall physical layer cell identity is cellid = (3*Nid1) + Nid2. PSS conveys the second cell identity number (Nid2, (0,1,2)) within a cell identity group and is established via time-domain correlation using the lteDLFrameOffset function. SSS conveys the first cell identity number (Nid1, (0,...,167)) and is established in a similar fashion.

Data Types: double

offset — Timing offsetnonnegative scalar integer | vector of nonnegative integers

Timing offset, returned as a nonnegative scalar integer or vector of nonnegative integers. offset indicates the number of samples from the start of the input waveform to the position in that waveform where the first frame begins. The timing offset is calculated by correlating with the detected PSS and SSS. The returned offset is a vector when alg.MaxCellCount > 1 and more than one cell is detected.

Data Types: double

peak — Peak magnitudenumeric scalar | vector of numeric values

Peak magnitude of the correlation, returned as a numeric scalar or vector of numeric values, used for cell detection. The returned peak is a vector when alg.MaxCellCount > 1 and more than one cell is detected. The peak correlation magnitude is the sum of the peak correlation magnitudes from PSS and SSS detection. A complete correlation output is available as the output argument, corr, from lteDLFrameOffset.

Introduced in R2014a

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