Hammer Projection


Modified Azimuthal




Meridians: Central meridian is a straight line half the length of the Equator. Other meridians are complex curves, equally spaced along the Equator, and concave toward the central meridian.

Parallels: Equator is straight. Other parallels are complex curves, equally spaced along the central meridian, and concave toward the nearest pole.

Poles: Points.

Symmetry: About the Equator and central meridian.


This projection is equal-area. The only point free of distortion is the center point. Distortion of shape is moderate throughout. This projection has less angular distortion on the outer meridians near the poles than pseudoazimuthal projections


There is no standard parallel for this projection.


This projection was presented by H. H. Ernst von Hammer in 1892. It is a modification of the Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area projection. Inspired by Aitoff projection, it is also known as the Hammer-Aitoff. It in turn inspired the Briesemeister, a modified oblique Hammer projection. John Bartholomew's Nordic projection is an oblique Hammer centered on 45 degrees north and the Greenwich meridian. The Hammer projection is used in whole-world maps and astronomical maps in galactic coordinates.


landareas = shaperead('landareas.shp','UseGeoCoords',true);
axesm ('hammer', 'Frame', 'on', 'Grid', 'on');
geoshow(landareas,'FaceColor',[1 1 .5],'EdgeColor',[.6 .6 .6]);

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