## Classification

Cylindrical

## Graticule

Meridians: Equally spaced straight parallel lines half as long
as the Equator.

Parallels: Equally spaced straight parallel lines, perpendicular
to and having the same spacing as the meridians.

Poles: Straight lines equal in length to the Equator.

Symmetry: About any meridian or the Equator.

## Features

This is a projection onto a cylinder tangent at the Equator.
Distortion of both shape and area increases with distance from the
Equator. Scale is true along all meridians (i.e., it is equidistant)
and the Equator and is constant along any parallel and along the parallel
of opposite sign.

## Parallels

For cylindrical projections, only one standard parallel is specified.
The other standard parallel is the same latitude with the opposite
sign. For this projection, the standard parallel is by definition
fixed at 0º.

## Remarks

This projection, like the more general Equidistant Cylindrical,
is credited to Marinus of Tyre, thought to have invented it about
A.D. 100. It may, in fact, have been originated by Erastosthenes,
who lived approximately 275–195 B.C. The Plate Carrée
has the most simply constructed graticule of any projection. It was
used frequently in the 15th and 16th centuries and is quite common
today in very simple computer mapping programs. It is the simplest
and limiting form of the Equidistant Cylindrical projection. Another
name for the Plate Carrée projection is the Simple Cylindrical.
Its transverse aspect is the Cassini projection.

## Example

landareas = shaperead('landareas.shp','UseGeoCoords',true);
axesm ('pcarree', 'Frame', 'on', 'Grid', 'on');
geoshow(landareas,'FaceColor',[1 1 .5],'EdgeColor',[.6 .6 .6]);
tissot;