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MapCellsReference

Reference raster cells to map coordinates

Description

A map cells reference object encapsulates the relationship between a planar map coordinate system and a system of intrinsic coordinates anchored to the columns and rows of a 2-D spatially referenced raster grid or image.

Typically, the raster is sampled regularly in the planar world x and world y coordinates of the map system, such that the intrinsic x and world x axes align and the intrinsic y and world y axes align. When this is true, the relationship between the two systems is rectilinear. More generally, and much more rarely, their relationship is affine. The affine relationship allows for a possible rotation (and skew). In either case, rectilinear or affine, the sample spacing from row to row need not equal the sample spacing from column to column.The cells or pixels need not be square. In the most general case, they could conceivably be parallelograms, but in practice they are always rectangular. For more information about coordinate systems, see Intrinsic Coordinate System.

Creation

You can use any of the following functions to create a MapCellsReference object to reference a regular raster of cells to planar (map) coordinates.

For example, this syntax constructs a MapCellsReference object with default property settings:

R = maprefcells()
R = 

  MapCellsReference with properties:

            XWorldLimits: [0.5 2.5]
            YWorldLimits: [0.5 2.5]
              RasterSize: [2 2]
    RasterInterpretation: 'cells'
        ColumnsStartFrom: 'south'
           RowsStartFrom: 'west'
      CellExtentInWorldX: 1
      CellExtentInWorldY: 1
    RasterExtentInWorldX: 2
    RasterExtentInWorldY: 2
        XIntrinsicLimits: [0.5 2.5]
        YIntrinsicLimits: [0.5 2.5]
      TransformationType: 'rectilinear'
    CoordinateSystemType: 'planar'

Properties

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Limits of raster in world x-coordinates, specified as a two-element row vector of the form [xMin xMax].

Example: [207000 209000]

Data Types: double

Limits of raster in world y-coordinates, specified as a two-element row vector of the form [yMin yMax].

Example: [911000 913000]

Data Types: double

Number of rows and columns of the raster or image associated with the referencing object, specified as a two-element vector, [m n], where m represents the number of rows and n the number of columns.

For convenience, you can assign a size vector having more than two elements. This enables assignments like R.RasterSize = size(RGB), where RGB is m-by-n-by-3. In cases like this, the object stores only the first two elements of the size vector and ignores the higher (nonspatial) dimensions.

Example: [200 300]

Data Types: double

This property is read-only.

Geometric nature of the raster, specified as 'cells'. The value 'cells' indicates that the raster comprises a grid of quadrangular cells, and is bounded on all sides by cell edges. For an m-by-n raster, points with an intrinsic x-coordinate of 1 or n or an intrinsic x-coordinate of 1 or m fall within the raster, not on its edges.

Data Types: char

Edge from which column indexing starts, specified as 'south' or 'north'.

Example: 'south'

Data Types: char

Edge from which row indexing starts, specified as 'west' or 'east'.

Example: 'east'

Data Types: char

Extent in world x-coordinates of individual cells, specified as a positive numeric scalar. Distance between the eastern and western limits of a single raster cell. The value is the same for all cells in the raster.

Example: 2.5

Data Types: double

Extent in world y-coordinates of individual cells, specified as a positive numeric scalar. Distance between the northern and southern limits of a single raster cell. The value is the same for all cells in the raster.

Example: 2.5

Data Types: double

This property is read-only.

Extent of the full raster or image as measured in the world system in a direction parallel to its rows, specified as a positive numeric scalar. In the case of a rectilinear geometry, which is most typical, this is the horizontal direction (east-west).

Data Types: double

This property is read-only.

Extent of the full raster or image as measured in the world system in a direction parallel to its columns, specified as a positive numeric scalar. In the case of a rectilinear geometry, which is most typical, this is the vertical direction (north-south).

Data Types: double

This property is read-only.

Raster limits in intrinsic x-coordinates, specified as a two-element row vector of positive integers, [xMin xMax]. For an m-by-n raster, XIntrinsicLimits equals [0.5, m+0.5], because the RasterInterpretation is 'cells'.

Data Types: double

This property is read-only.

Raster limits in intrinsic y-coordinates, specified as a two-element row vector of positive integers, [yMin yMax]. For an m-by-n raster, YIntrinsicLimits equals [0.5, m+0.5], because the RasterInterpretation is 'cells'.

Data Types: double

This property is read-only.

Type of geometric relationship between the intrinsic coordinate system and the world coordinate system, specified as either 'rectilinear' or 'affine'. Its value is 'rectilinear' when world x depends only on intrinsic x and vice versa, and world y depends only on intrinsic y and vice versa. When the value is 'rectilinear', the image displays without rotation in the world system, although it might be flipped. Otherwise, the value is 'affine'.

Data Types: char

This property is read-only.

Type of coordinate system to which the image or raster is referenced, specified as 'planar'.

Data Types: char

Object Functions

containsDetermine if geographic or map raster contains points
firstCornerXReturn world x-coordinate of map raster index (1,1)
firstCornerYReturn world y-coordinate of map raster index (1,1)
intrinsicToWorld Transform intrinsic to planar world coordinates
sizesMatchDetermine if geographic or map raster object and image or raster are size-compatible
worldFileMatrixReturn world file parameters for transformation
worldToDiscrete Transform planar world to discrete coordinates
worldToIntrinsicTransform planar world to intrinsic coordinates

Definitions

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Introduced in R2013b

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