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Polygon outlining geographic quadrangle


[lat,lon] = outlinegeoquad(latlim,lonlim,dlat,dlon)


[lat,lon] = outlinegeoquad(latlim,lonlim,dlat,dlon) constructs a polygon that traces the outline of the geographic quadrangle defined by latlim and lonlim. Such a polygon can be useful for displaying the quadrangle graphically, especially on a projection where the meridians and/or parallels do not project to straight lines. latlim is a two-element vector of the form: [southern-limit northern-limit] and lonlim is a two-element vector of the form: [western-limit eastern-limit]. dlat is a positive scalar that specifies a minimum vertex spacing in degrees to be applied along the meridians that bound the eastern and western edges of the quadrangle. Likewise, dlon is a positive scalar that specifies a minimum vertex spacing in degrees of longitude to be applied along the parallels that bound the northern and southern edges of the quadrangle. The outputs lat and lon contain the vertices of a simple closed polygon with clockwise vertex ordering.


Display the outlines of three geographic quadrangles having very different qualities on top of a simple base map:

axesm('ortho','Origin',[-45 110],'frame','on','grid','on')
axis off
load coastlines
geoshow(coastlat, coastlon)

% Quadrangle covering Australia and vicinity
[lat, lon] = outlinegeoquad([-45 5],[110 175],5,5);

% Quadrangle covering Antarctic region
antarcticCircleLat = dms2degrees([-66 33 39]);
[lat, lon] = outlinegeoquad([-90 antarcticCircleLat], ...
   [-180 180],5,5);
geoshow(lat,lon,'DisplayType','polygon', ...

% Quadrangle covering nominal time zone 9 hours ahead of UTC
[lat, lon] = outlinegeoquad([-90 90], 135 + [-7.5 7.5], 5, 5);
geoshow(lat,lon,'DisplayType','polygon', ...


All input and output angles are in units of degrees. Choose a reasonably small value for dlat (a few degrees, perhaps) when using a projection with curved meridians or curved parallels.

To avoid interpolating extra vertices along meridians or parallels, set dlat or dlon to a value of Inf.

Special Cases

The insertion of additional vertices is suppressed at the poles (that is, if latlim(1) == -90 or latlim(2) == 90. If lonlim corresponds to a quadrangle width of exactly 360 degrees (lonlim == [-180 180], for example), then it covers a full latitudinal zone and includes two separate, NaN-separated parts, unless either

  • latlim(1) == -90 or latlim(2) == 90, so that only one part is needed—a polygon that follows a parallel clockwise around one of the poles.

  • latlim(1) == -90 and latlim(2) == 90, so that the quadrangle encompasses the entire planet. In this case, the quadrangle cannot be represented by a latitude-longitude polygon, and an error results.

Introduced in R2008a

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