Modify number of dimensions and size of each dimension
Pointer to an mxArray
Dimensions array. Each element in the dimensions array contains the size of the array in that dimension. For example, in C, setting dims to 5 and dims to 7 establishes a 5-by-7 mxArray. In Fortran, setting dims(1) to 5 and dims(2) to 7 establishes a 5-by-7 mxArray. In most cases, there are ndim elements in the dims array.
Number of dimensions
0 on success, and 1 on failure. mxSetDimensions allocates heap space to hold the input size array. So it is possible (though unlikely) that increasing the number of dimensions can cause the system to run out of heap space.
Call mxSetDimensions to reshape an existing mxArray. mxSetDimensions is like mxSetM and mxSetN; however, mxSetDimensions provides greater control for reshaping mxArrays that have more than two dimensions.
mxSetDimensions does not allocate or deallocate any space for the pr or pi arrays. Consequently, if your call to mxSetDimensions increases the number of elements in the mxArray, enlarge the pr (and pi, if it exists) arrays accordingly.
If your call to mxSetDimensions reduces the number of elements in the mxArray, you can optionally reduce the size of the pr and pi arrays using mxRealloc.
MATLAB® automatically removes any trailing singleton dimensions specified in the dims argument. For example, if ndim equals 5 and dims equals [4 1 7 1 1], the resulting array has the dimensions 4-by-1-by-7.
See the following examples in matlabroot/extern/examples/mx.