This example shows how to create a structure array. A structure is a data type that groups related data using data containers called fields. Each field can contain data of any type or size.
Store a patient record in a scalar structure with fields
patient(1).name = 'John Doe'; patient(1).billing = 127.00; patient(1).test = [79, 75, 73; 180, 178, 177.5; 220, 210, 205]; patient
patient = struct with fields: name: 'John Doe' billing: 127 test: [3×3 double]
Add records for other patients to the array by including subscripts after the array name.
patient(2).name = 'Ann Lane'; patient(2).billing = 28.50; patient(2).test = [68, 70, 68; 118, 118, 119; 172, 170, 169]; patient
patient = 1×2 struct array with fields: name billing test
Each patient record in the array is a structure of class
struct. An array of structures is often referred to as a struct array. Like other MATLAB arrays, a struct array can have any dimensions.
A struct array has the following properties:
All structs in the array have the same number of fields.
All structs have the same field names.
Fields of the same name in different structs can contain different types or sizes of data.
Any unspecified fields for new structs in the array contain empty arrays.
patient(3).name = 'New Name'; patient(3)
ans = struct with fields: name: 'New Name' billing:  test: 
Access data in the structure array to find how much the first patient owes, and to create a bar graph of his test results.
amount_due = patient(1).billing
amount_due = 127
bar(patient(1).test) title(['Test Results for ', patient(1).name])