Documentation

This is machine translation

Translated by Microsoft
Mouseover text to see original. Click the button below to return to the English verison of the page.

Note: This page has been translated by MathWorks. Please click here
To view all translated materals including this page, select Japan from the country navigator on the bottom of this page.

Handle Data Returned from Java Methods

If a Java® method returns a primitive data type, then MATLAB® converts the data, as shown in the table in Primitive Return Types.

If a Java method signature specifies a return data of type java.lang.Object, then MATLAB converts the actual type returned, as shown in the table in java.lang.Object Return Types.

MATLAB does not convert other Java objects to MATLAB types. For information about handling this data, see Functions to Convert Java Objects to MATLAB Types.

Primitive Return Types

MATLAB converts primitive data returned from a Java method into types that best represent the data to the MATLAB language. This table shows how MATLAB converts the data. For some Java types, MATLAB treats scalar and array returns differently.

Java Return TypeResulting MATLAB Type — ScalarResulting MATLAB Type — Array

boolean

logical

logical

byte

double

int8

short

double

int16

int

double

int32

long

double

int64

float

double

single

double

double

double

char

char

char

Example

The signature for the java.lang.String method toCharArray is:

public char[] toCharArray()

Call the method on a String object. MATLAB converts the output to a char array.

str = java.lang.String('hello');
res = str.toCharArray'
res =

  1×5 char array

hello

java.lang.Object Return Types

When a Java method is declared to return data of type java.lang.Object, MATLAB converts its value depending on the actual type returned. This table shows how MATLAB converts the data.

Actual Java TypeResulting MATLAB Type — Scalar

java.lang.Boolean

logical

java.lang.Byte

double

java.lang.Short

double

java.lang.Integer

double

java.lang.Long

double

java.lang.Float

double

java.lang.Double

double

java.lang.Character

char

java.lang.String

char

There is no conversion if the return argument is a subclass of Object or an array of Object. The object remains a Java object. However, if you index into a returned Object array, the value is converted according to the table. For more information, see Converting Object Array Elements to MATLAB Types.

Example

Refer to the following signature for a getData method.

java.lang.Object getData()

If getData returns a java.lang.Integer object, then MATLAB converts the value to double.

Functions to Convert Java Objects to MATLAB Types

MATLAB only converts object data return values if the method signature specifies java.lang.Object. If the signature specifies any other object type, then MATLAB does not convert the value. For example, MATLAB does convert the return value for this method signature:

java.lang.Object getData()

But MATLAB does not convert the return value for this method:

java.lang.String getData()

To convert Java object data to MATLAB data, use MATLAB functions as described in these topics:

Convert to MATLAB Numeric Types

To convert Java numeric types to MATLAB types, use a numeric MATLAB function like double. The action taken by the double function depends on the class of the object you specify.

  • If the object is an instance of a class derived from java.lang.Number, then MATLAB converts the object to a MATLAB double.

  • If the object is not an instance of a numeric class, then MATLAB checks the class definition for a toDouble method. MATLAB calls this method to perform the conversion.

  • If you create your own class, then write a toDouble method to specify your own type conversion.

    Note:   If the class of the object is not derived from java.lang.Number and it does not implement a toDouble method, then the double function displays an error message.

Convert to MATLAB Strings

To convert java.lang.String objects and arrays to MATLAB strings or character vectors, use the MATLAB string or char function.

If the object specified in the MATLAB function is not an instance of the java.lang.String class, then MATLAB checks its class definition for a toString or a toChar method. If you create your own class, then write a toString or toChar method to specify the string conversion.

    Note:   If the class of the object is not java.lang.String and it does not implement a toChar method, then the char function displays an error message.

Convert to MATLAB Structure

If a Java class defines field names, then use the struct function to convert the object data to a MATLAB structure.

Suppose that you call a Java method that returns a java.awt.Polygon object. The class defines fields xpoints and ypoints. To run this example, create a polygon variable.

polygon = java.awt.Polygon([14 42 98 124],[55 12 -2 62],4);

Convert the object to a structure and display the x,y coordinates for the third point.

pstruct = struct(polygon)
pstruct = 

  struct with fields:

    npoints: 4
    xpoints: [4×1 int32]
    ypoints: [4×1 int32]

Convert to MATLAB Cell Array

If your Java methods return different types of data, then use the cell function to convert the data to MATLAB types. Elements of the resulting cell array are converted according to the Primitive Return Types and java.lang.Object Return Types tables.

Suppose that you call Java methods that return arguments of type java.lang.Double, java.awt.Point, and java.lang.String. To run this example, create variables of these types.

import java.lang.* java.awt.*;

% Create a Java array of double
dblArray = javaArray('java.lang.Double',1,10);
for m = 1:10
   dblArray(1,m) = Double(m * 7);
end

% Create a Java array of points
ptArray = javaArray('java.awt.Point',3);
ptArray(1) = Point(7.1,22);
ptArray(2) = Point(5.2,35);
ptArray(3) = Point(3.1,49);

% Create a Java array of strings
strArray = javaArray('java.lang.String',2,2);
strArray(1,1) = String('one');
strArray(1,2) = String('two');
strArray(2,1) = String('three');  
strArray(2,2) = String('four');

Convert each array to a cell array. You can use cellArray in MATLAB functions.

cellArray = {cell(dblArray),cell(ptArray),cell(strArray)}
cellArray =

  1×3 cell array

    {1×10 cell}    {3×1 cell}    {2×2 cell}

Each cell holds an array of a different type. Display the contents.

cellArray{1,1}       % Array of type double
ans =

  1×10 cell array

    [7]    [14]    [21]    [28]    [35]    [42]    [49]    [56]    [63]    [70]
cellArray{1,2}       % Array of type Java.awt.Point
ans =

  3×1 cell array

    [1×1 java.awt.Point]
    [1×1 java.awt.Point]
    [1×1 java.awt.Point]
cellArray{1,3}       % Array of type char array
ans =

  2×2 cell array

    'one'      'two' 
    'three'    'four'

Related Topics

Was this topic helpful?