This is machine translation

Translated by Microsoft
Mouseover text to see original. Click the button below to return to the English version of the page.

Note: This page has been translated by MathWorks. Click here to see
To view all translated materials including this page, select Country from the country navigator on the bottom of this page.

Create Live Scripts in the Live Editor

Live scripts are program files that contain your code, output, and formatted text together in a single interactive environment called the Live Editor. In live scripts, you can write your code and view the generated output and graphics along with the code that produced it. Add formatted text, images, hyperlinks, and equations to create an interactive narrative that you can share with others.

Create Live Script

To create a live script in the Live Editor, go to the Home tab and click New Live Script . You also can use the edit function in the Command Window. For example, type edit penny.mlx to open or create the file penny.mlx. To ensure that a live script is created, specify a .mlx extension. If an extension is not specified, MATLAB® defaults to a file with .m extension, which only supports plain code.

Open Existing Script as Live Script

If you have an existing script, you can open it as a live script in the Live Editor. Opening a script as a live script creates a copy of the file and leaves the original file untouched. MATLAB converts publishing markup from the original script to formatted content in the new live script.

To open an existing script (.m) as a live script (.mlx) from the Editor, right-click the document tab, and select Open scriptName as Live Script from the context menu. Alternatively, go to the Editor tab, click Save, and select Save As. Then, set the Save as type: to MATLAB Live Code Files (*.mlx) and click Save.


You must use one of the described conversion methods to convert your script to a live script. Simply renaming the script with a .mlx extension does not work and can corrupt the file.

Add Code

After you create a live script, you can add code and run it. For example, add this code that plots a vector of random data and draws a horizontal line on the plot at the mean.

n = 50;
r = rand(n,1);

m = mean(r);
hold on
hold off
title('Mean of Random Uniform Data')

By default, MATLAB autocompletes block endings, parentheses, and quotes when entering code in the Live Editor. For example, type if and then press Enter. MATLAB automatically adds the end statement.

MATLAB also autocompletes comments, character vectors, and strings when split across two lines. To escape out of an autocompletion, press Ctrl+Z or the Undo button. Autocompletions are enabled by default. To disable them, see Editor/Debugger Autocoding Preferences.

When adding or editing code, you can select and edit a rectangular area of code (also knows as column selection or block edit). This is useful if you want to copy or delete several columns of data (as opposed to rows), or if you want to edit multiple lines at one time. To select a rectangular area, press the Alt key while making a selection.

For example, select the second column of data in A.

Type 0 to set all the selected values to 0.

Run Code

To run the code, click the vertical striped bar to the left of the code. Alternatively, go to the Live Editor tab and click Run. While your program is running, a status indicator appears at the top left of the Editor window. A gray blinking bar to the left of a line of code indicates the line that MATLAB is evaluating. To navigate to the line MATLAB is evaluating, click the status indicator.

If an error occurs while MATLAB is running your program, the status indicator becomes an error icon . To navigate to the error, click the icon. An error icon to the right of the line of code indicates the error. The corresponding error message is displayed as an output.

You do not need to save your live script to run it. When you do save your live script, MATLAB automatically saves it with a .mlx extension. For example, go the Live Editor tab, click Save, and enter the name plotRand. MATLAB saves the live script as plotRand.mlx.

Display Output

By default, MATLAB displays output to the right of the code. Each output is displayed with the line that creates it, like in the Command Window.

You can change the size of the output display panel by dragging left or right on the resizer bar between the code and output.

To clear all output, right-click anywhere in the script and select Clear All Output. Alternatively, go to the View tab and in the Output section, click the Clear all Output button.

When scrolling, MATLAB aligns the output to the code that generates it. To disable the alignment of output to code, right-click the output section and select Disable Synchronous Scrolling.

To move the output in line with the code, click the icon to the right of the live script. You also can go to the View tab and in the Layout section, click the Output Inline button.

To modify figures in the output, use the tools in the upper-right corner of the figure axes or in the Figure toolstrip. You can use the tools to explore the data in a figure and add formatting and annotations. For more information, see Modify Figures in Live Scripts.

To open individual outputs, such as variables and figures, in a separate window, click the icon in the upper right corner of the output. Variables open in the Variables editor, and figures open in a new figure window. Changes made to variables or figures outside of a live script do not apply to the output displayed in the live script.

Format Text

You can add formatted text, hyperlinks, images, and equations to your live scripts to create a presentable document to share with others. For example, add a title and some introductory text to plotRand.mlx:

  1. Place your cursor at the top of the live script and, in the Live Editor tab, select Text. A new text line appears above the code.

  2. Click and select Title.

  3. Add the text Plot Random Data.

  4. With your cursor still in the line, click the button to center the text.

  5. Press Enter to move to the next line.

  6. Type the text This script plots a vector of random data and draws a horizontal line on the plot at the mean.

For more information including a list of all available formatting options, see Format Files in the Live Editor.

To adjust the displayed font size in the Live Editor, use the Ctrl + Mouse Scroll keyboard shortcut. The change in the displayed font size is not honored when exporting the live script to PDF, HTML, or LaTeX.

Related Topics

Was this topic helpful?