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and, &

Find logical AND

Syntax

Description

example

A & B performs a logical AND of arrays A and B and returns an array containing elements set to either logical 1 (true) or logical 0 (false). An element of the output array is set to logical 1 (true) if both A and B contain a nonzero element at that same array location. Otherwise, the array element is set to 0.

and(A,B) is an alternate way to execute A & B, but is rarely used. It enables operator overloading for classes.

Examples

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Locate Nonzero Values

Find the logical AND of two matrices. The result contains logical 1 (true) only where both matrices contain nonzero values.

A = [5 7 0; 0 2 9; 5 0 0]
A =

     5     7     0
     0     2     9
     5     0     0

B = [6 6 0; 1 3 5; -1 0 0]
B =

     6     6     0
     1     3     5
    -1     0     0

A & B
ans =

     1     1     0
     0     1     1
     1     0     0

Truth Table for Logical AND

Create a truth table for and.

A = [true false; true false]
A =

     1     0
     1     0

B = [true true; false false]
B =

     1     1
     0     0

C = A&B
C =

     1     0
     0     0

Input Arguments

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A — Left operandscalar | vector | matrix | multidimensional array

Left operand, specified as a scalar, vector, matrix, or multidimensional array. Inputs A and B must be the same size unless one is a scalar. A scalar value expands to be the same size as the other array.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | logical

B — Right operandscalar | vector | matrix | multidimensional array

Right operand, specified as a scalar, vector, matrix, or multidimensional array. Inputs A and B must be the same size unless one is a scalar. A scalar value expands to be the same size as the other array.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | logical

More About

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Tips

  • You can chain together several logical operations, for example, A & B | C.

  • The symbols & and && perform different operations in MATLAB®. The element-wise AND operator described here is &. The short-circuit AND operator is &&. See Logical Operators: Short Circuit for more information.

See Also

| | | | |

Introduced before R2006a

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