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Filled area 2-D plot


h = area(...)


An area graph displays elements in Y as one or more curves and fills the area beneath each curve. When Y is a matrix, the curves are stacked showing the relative contribution of each row element to the total height of the curve at each x interval.

area(Y) plots the vector Y or plots each column in matrix Y as a separate curve and stacks the curves. The x-axis automatically scales to 1:size(Y,1). The values in Y can be numeric or duration values.

area(X,Y) For vectors X and Y, area(X,Y) is the same as plot(X,Y) except that the area between 0 and Y is filled. When Y is a matrix, area(X,Y) plots the columns of Y as filled areas. For each X, the net result is the sum of corresponding values from the rows of Y.

If X is a vector, length(X) must equal length(Y). If X is a matrix, size(X) must equal size(Y). The values in X can be numeric or datetime or duration values.

area(...,basevalue) specifies the base value for the area fill. The default basevalue is 0. Specify the base value as a numeric value.

area(...,'PropertyName',PropertyValue,...) specifies property name and property value pairs for the patch graphics object created by area.

area(ax,...) plots into the axes ax instead of into the current axes (gca).

h = area(...) returns area graphics objects.

Creating an area graph of an m-by-n matrix creates n area objects (that is, one per column), whereas a 1-by-n vector creates one area object.

Some area object properties that you set on an individual area object set the values for all area objects in the graph. See Area Properties for information on specific properties.


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Plot the data in matrix Y as an area graph.

Y = [1, 5, 3;
     3, 2, 7;
     1, 5, 3;
     2, 6, 1];

By default, area uses the y-axis as the base value. Change the base value by setting the basevalue input argument to -4.

Y = [1, 5, 3;
     3, 2, 7;
     1, 5, 3;
     2, 6, 1];
basevalue = -4;

Create an area plot of Y and use a dotted line style. Return the three area objects in array h. The area function creates one area object for each column in Y.

Y = [1, 5, 3;
     3, 2, 7;
     1, 5, 3;
     2, 6, 1];
h = area(Y,'LineStyle',':');

Change the area colors using RGB triplet color values. Starting in R2014b, you can use dot notation to set properties. If you are using an earlier release, use the set function instead.

h(1).FaceColor = [0 0.25 0.25];
h(2).FaceColor = [0 0.5 0.5];
h(3).FaceColor = [0 0.75 0.75];

See Also



Introduced before R2006a

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