2-D convolution
C = conv2(A,B)
C = conv2(h1,h2,A)
C = conv2(...,shape)
C = conv2(A,B)
computes
the two-dimensional convolution of matrices A
and B
.
If one of these matrices describes a two-dimensional finite impulse
response (FIR) filter, the other matrix is filtered in two dimensions.
The size of C
is determined as follows: if [ma,na]
= size(A)
, [mb,nb] = size(B)
, and [mc,nc]
= size(C)
, then mc = max([ma+mb-1,ma,mb])
and nc
= max([na+nb-1,na,nb])
.
C = conv2(h1,h2,A)
first
convolves each column of A
with the vector h1
and
then convolves each row of the result with the vector h2
.
The size of C
is determined as follows: if n1
= length(h1)
and n2 = length(h2)
, then mc
= max([ma+n1-1,ma,n1])
and nc = max([na+n2-1,na,n2])
.
C = conv2(...,shape)
returns
a subsection of the two-dimensional convolution, as specified by the shape
parameter:
| Returns the full two-dimensional convolution (default). |
| Returns the central part of the convolution of the same
size as |
| Returns only those parts of the convolution that are
computed without the zero-padded edges. Using this option, |
Note:
All numeric inputs to |
For the 'same'
case, conv2
returns
the central part of the convolution. If there are an odd number of
rows or columns, the "center" leaves one more at the
beginning than the end.
This example first computes the convolution of A using the default
('full'
) shape, then computes the convolution using
the 'same'
shape. Note that the array returned
using 'same'
corresponds to the red highlighted
elements of the array returned using the default shape.
A = rand(3); B = rand(4); C = conv2(A,B) % C is 6-by-6 C = 0.1838 0.2374 0.9727 1.2644 0.7890 0.3750 0.6929 1.2019 1.5499 2.1733 1.3325 0.3096 0.5627 1.5150 2.3576 3.1553 2.5373 1.0602 0.9986 2.3811 3.4302 3.5128 2.4489 0.8462 0.3089 1.1419 1.8229 2.1561 1.6364 0.6841 0.3287 0.9347 1.6464 1.7928 1.2422 0.5423 Cs = conv2(A,B,'same') % Cs is the same size as A: 3-by-3 Cs = 2.3576 3.1553 2.5373 3.4302 3.5128 2.4489 1.8229 2.1561 1.6364
In image processing, the Sobel edge finding operation is a two-dimensional convolution of an input array with the special matrix:
s = [1 2 1; 0 0 0; -1 -2 -1];
These commands extract the horizontal edges from a raised pedestal.
A = zeros(10); A(3:7,3:7) = ones(5); H = conv2(A,s); figure, mesh(H)
Transposing the filter s
extracts the vertical edges of A
.
V = conv2(A,s'); figure, mesh(V)
This figure combines both horizontal and vertical edges.
figure mesh(sqrt(H.^2 + V.^2))