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ne, ~=

Determine inequality

Syntax

Description

example

A ~= B returns a logical array with elements set to logical 1 (true) where arrays A and B are not equal; otherwise, the element is logical 0 (false). The test compares both real and imaginary parts of numeric arrays. ne returns logical 1 (true) where A or B have NaN or undefined categorical elements.

ne(A,B) is an alternative way to execute A ~= B, but is rarely used. It enables operator overloading for classes.

Examples

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Inequality of Two Vectors

Create two vectors containing both real and imaginary numbers, then compare the vectors for inequality.

A = [1+i 3 2 4+i];
B = [1 3+i 2 4+i];
A ~= B
ans =

     1     1     0     0

The ne function tests both real and imaginary parts for inequality, and returns logical 1 (true) where one or both parts are not equal.

Find Characters in String

Create a character array.

M = 'masterpiece';

Test for the presence of a specific character using ~=.

M ~= 'n'
ans =

     1     1     1     1     1     1     1     1     1     1     1

The value of logical 1 (true) indicates the absence of the character 'n'. The character is not present in the array.

Find Values in Categorical Array

Create a categorical array with two values: 'heads' and 'tails'.

A = categorical({'heads' 'heads' 'tails'; 'tails' 'heads' 'tails'})
A = 

     heads      heads      tails 
     tails      heads      tails 

Find all values not in the 'heads' category.

A ~= 'heads'
ans =

     0     0     1
     1     0     1

A value of logical 1 (true) indicates a value not in the category. Since A only has two categories, A ~= 'heads' returns the same answer as A == 'tails'.

Compare the rows of A for inequality.

A(1,:) ~= A(2,:)
ans =

     1     0     0

A value of logical 1 (true) indicates where the rows have unequal category values.

Compare Floating-Point Numbers

Some floating-point numbers cannot be represented exactly in binary form. This leads to small differences in results that the ~= operator reflects.

Perform a few subtraction operations on a floating-point number and store the result in C.

C = 0.5-0.4-0.1
C =

  -2.7756e-17

Intuitively, C should be equal to exactly 0. Its small value is due to the nature of floating-point arithmetic.

Compare C to 0 for inequality.

C ~= 0
ans =

     1

Compare floating-point numbers using a tolerance, tol, instead of using ~=.

tol = eps(0.5);
abs(C-0) > tol
ans =

     0

The two numbers, C and 0, are closer to one another than two consecutive floating-point numbers. They are essentially equal.

Inequality of Two Datetime Arrays

Compare the elements of two datetime arrays for inequality.

Create two datetime arrays in different time zones.

t1 = [2014,04,14,9,0,0;2014,04,14,10,0,0];
A = datetime(t1,'TimeZone','America/Los_Angeles');
A.Format = 'd-MMM-y HH:mm:ss Z'
A = 

   14-Apr-2014 09:00:00 -0700
   14-Apr-2014 10:00:00 -0700

t2 = [2014,04,14,12,0,0;2014,04,14,12,30,0];
B = datetime(t2,'TimeZone','America/New_York');
B.Format = 'd-MMM-y HH:mm:ss Z'
B = 

   14-Apr-2014 12:00:00 -0400
   14-Apr-2014 12:30:00 -0400

Check where elements in A and B are not equal.

A~=B
ans =

     0
     1

Input Arguments

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A — Left arrayscalar | vector | matrix | multidimensional array

Left array, specified as a scalar, vector, matrix, or multidimensional array. Inputs A and B must be the same size unless one is a scalar. A scalar value expands to be the same size as the other array.

If one input is a categorical array, the other input can be a categorical array, a cell array of strings, or a single string. A single string expands into a cell array of strings of the same size as the other input. If both inputs are ordinal categorical arrays, they must have the same sets of categories, including their order. If both inputs are categorical arrays that are not ordinal, they can have different sets of categories. See Compare Categorical Array Elements for more details.

If one input is a datetime array, the other input can be a datetime array, a date string, or a cell array of date strings.

If one input is a duration array, the other input can be a duration array or a numeric array. The operator treats each numeric value as a number of standard (86400 s) days.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | logical | char | categorical | datetime | duration
Complex Number Support: Yes

B — Right arrayscalar | vector | matrix | multidimensional array

Right array, specified as a scalar, vector, matrix, or multidimensional array. Inputs A and B must be the same size unless one is a scalar. A scalar value expands to be the same size as the other array.

If one input is a categorical array, the other input can be a categorical array, a cell array of strings, or a single string. A single string expands into a cell array of strings of the same size as the other input. If both inputs are ordinal categorical arrays, they must have the same sets of categories, including their order. If both inputs are categorical arrays that are not ordinal, they can have different sets of categories. See Compare Categorical Array Elements for more details.

If one input is a datetime array, the other input can be a datetime array, a date string, or a cell array of date strings.

If one input is a duration array, the other input can be a duration array or a numeric array. The operator treats each numeric value as a number of standard (86400 s) days.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | logical | char | categorical | datetime | duration
Complex Number Support: Yes

See Also

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Introduced before R2006a

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