Stream tubes are similar to stream lines, except the tubes have width, providing another dimension that you can use to represent information.
By default, MATLAB® graphics display the divergence of the vector field by the width of the tube. You can also define widths for each tube vertex and thereby map other data to width.
This example uses the following techniques:
Stream tubes to indicate flow direction and divergence
of the vector field in the
wind data set
Slice planes colored to indicate the speed of the wind currents overlaid with contour line to enhance visibility
Inputs include the coordinates of the volume, vector field components, and starting locations for the stream tubes.
Load the data and calculate values needed to make the plots. These values include:
The location of the slice planes (maximum
y, and a value for the altitude)
x value for the start
of the stream tubes
The speed of the wind (magnitude of the vector field)
load wind xmin = min(x(:)); xmax = max(x(:)); ymin = min(y(:)); alt = 7.356; % z value for slice and streamtube plane wind_speed = sqrt(u.^2 + v.^2 + w.^2);
hslice = slice(x,y,z,wind_speed,xmax,ymin,alt); set(hslice,'FaceColor','interp','EdgeColor','none') colormap hsv(16)
Add contour lines (
to the slice planes. Adjust the contour interval so the lines match
the color boundaries in the slice planes:
get the current color limits.
Set the interpolation method used by
match the default used by
color_lim = caxis; cont_intervals = linspace(color_lim(1),color_lim(2),17); hcont = contourslice(x,y,z,wind_speed,xmax,ymin,... alt,cont_intervals,'linear'); set(hcont,'EdgeColor',[.4 .4 .4],'LineWidth',1)
meshgrid to create
arrays for the starting points for the stream tubes, which begin at
x value, range from 20 to 50 in
and lie in a single plane in
z (corresponding to
one of the slice planes).
The stream tubes (
are drawn at the specified locations and scaled to be 1.25 times the
default width to emphasize the variation in divergence (width). The
second element in the vector [1.25 30] specifies the number of points
along the circumference of the tube (the default is 20). You might
want to increase this value as the tube size increases, to maintain
a smooth-looking tube.
Set the data aspect ratio (
Stream tubes are surface objects, therefore you can control their appearance by setting surface properties. This example sets surface properties to give a brightly lit, red surface.
[sx,sy,sz] = meshgrid(xmin,20:3:50,alt); daspect([1,1,1]) % set DAR before calling streamtube htubes = streamtube(x,y,z,u,v,w,sx,sy,sz,[1.25 30]); set(htubes,'EdgeColor','none','FaceColor','r',... 'AmbientStrength',.5)