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Heat Transfer and Diffusion

Solve PDEs that model heat transfer or other diffusion processes in 2-D space

The heat transfer and diffusion equations are parabolic partial differential equations, utα2u=0. The heat equation describes the heat transfer for plane and axisymmetric cases in a given region over given time:

ρCTt(kT)=Q+h(TextT)

where ρ is density, C is heat capacity, k is the coefficient of heat conduction, Q is the heat source, h is convective heat transfer coefficient, and Text is external temperature.

The term h(Text – T) is a model of transversal heat transfer from the surroundings. You can use it to model heat transfer in thin cooling plates. You can use Dirichlet boundary conditions specifying the temperature on the boundary, or Neumann boundary conditions specifying heat flux n(kT). You also can use generalized Neumann boundary conditions n(kT)+qT=g, where q is heat transfer coefficient.

The generic diffusion equation has the same structure as the heat equation:

ct·(Dc)=Q

where c is the concentration of particles, D is the diffusion coefficient and Q is the source density (source per area).

You can use Dirichlet boundary conditions specifying the concentration on the boundary, or Neumann boundary conditions specifying the flux n(Dc). You also can specify a generalized Neumann condition n(Dc)+qc=g, where q is transfer coefficient, and g is flux.

Apps

PDE Solve partial differential equations in 2-D regions

Topics

Programmatic Workflow

Nonlinear Heat Transfer In a Thin Plate

Perform a heat transfer analysis of a thin plate.

Heat Equation for Metal Block with Cavity

Use command-line functions to solve a heat equation that describes the diffusion of heat in a metal block with a rectangular cavity.

Heat Distribution in a Circular Cylindrical Rod

Analyze a 3-D axisymmetric model by using a 2-D model.

PDE App Workflow

Heat Transfer Between Two Squares Made of Different Materials: PDE App

Solve a heat transfer problem with different material parameters.

Heat Equation for Metal Block with Cavity: PDE App

Use PDE app to solve a heat equation that describes the diffusion of heat in a metal block with a rectangular cavity.

Heat Distribution in a Circular Cylindrical Rod: PDE App

Solve a 3-D parabolic PDE problem by reducing it to 2-D using coordinate transformation.

Concepts

Parabolic Equations

Mathematical definition and discussion of the parabolic equation

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