# Documentation

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# Structural Mechanics

Solve static linear elasticity problems for 3-D solids, as well as 2-D plane stress and plane strain problems

Navier partial differential equations describe the displacement field as a function of body forces and structural properties of the material. Knowing the displacement field, you can calculate the strain and stress fields.

$\left(\lambda +\mu \right)\nabla \left(\nabla \cdot u\right)+\mu {\nabla }^{2}u+f=0$

Here, vector u is the displacement, μ is the shear modulus, λ is the Lame modulus of the material, and f is a vector of volume forces. The shear modulus and Lame modulus can be expressed via the Young's (elastic) modulus E and the Poisson's ratio ν.

$\mu =\frac{E}{2\left(1+\nu \right)},\text{ }\lambda =\frac{\nu E}{\left(1+\nu \right)\left(1-2\nu \right)},\text{ }f=\left(\begin{array}{l}{f}_{x}\\ {f}_{y}\end{array}\right)$

A typical programmatic workflow for solving a linear elasticity problem includes the following steps:

• Create a special structural analysis container for a solid (3-D), plane stress, or plane strain model.

• Define 2-D or 3-D geometry and mesh it.

• Assign structural properties of the material, such as Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, and mass density.

• Specify boundary loads and constraints.

• Solve the problem and plot results, such as displacement, stress, strain, von Mises stress, principal stress and strain.

For plane stress and plane strain problems, you also can use the PDE Modeler app. The app includes geometry creation and preset modes for applications.

## Functions

 createpde Create a model structuralProperties Assign structural properties of a material for a structural model structuralBodyLoad Specify body load for a structural model structuralBoundaryLoad Specify boundary loads for a structural model structuralBC Specify boundary conditions for a structural model solve Solve heat transfer or structural analysis problem
 interpolateDisplacement Interpolate displacement at arbitrary spatial locations interpolateStress Interpolate stress at arbitrary spatial locations interpolateStrain Interpolate strain at arbitrary spatial locations interpolateVonMisesStress Interpolate von Mises stress at arbitrary spatial locations evaluateReaction Evaluate reaction forces on boundary evaluatePrincipalStress Evaluate principal stress at nodal locations evaluatePrincipalStrain Evaluate principal strain at nodal locations pdeplot Plot solution or mesh for 2-D geometry pdeplot3D Plot solution or surface mesh for 3-D geometry
 findStructuralProperties Find structural material properties assigned to geometric region findStructuralBC Find structural boundary conditions and boundary loads assigned to geometric region findBodyLoad Find body load assigned to geometric region

## Using Objects

 StructuralModel Structural model object StaticStructuralResults Static structural solution and its derived quantities

## Properties

 StructuralMaterialAssignment Properties Structural material property assignments BodyLoadAssignment Properties Body load assignments StructuralBC Properties Boundary condition or boundary load for structural analysis model

## Apps

 PDE Modeler Solve partial differential equations in 2-D regions

## Topics

### Programmatic Workflow

Deflection Analysis of a Bracket

Analyze a 3-D mechanical part under an applied load and determine the maximal deflection.

Stress Concentration in Plate with Circular Hole

Perform a 2-D plane-stress elasticity analysis.

Deflection of a Piezoelectric Actuator

Solve a coupled elasticity-electrostatics problem.

Clamped, Square Isotropic Plate With a Uniform Pressure Load

Calculate the deflection of a structural plate acted on by a pressure loading.

Dynamics of a Damped Cantilever Beam

Include damping in the transient analysis of a simple cantilever beam.

Dynamic Analysis of a Clamped Beam

Analyze the dynamic behavior of a beam clamped at both ends and loaded with a uniform pressure load.

Vibration of a Square Plate

Calculate the vibration modes and frequencies of a 3-D simply supported, square, elastic plate.

### PDE Modeler App Workflow

von Mises Effective Stress and Displacements

Use the PDE Modeler app to compute the von Mises effective stress and displacements for a steel plate clamped along an inset at one corner and pulled along a rounded cut at the opposite corner.

### Algorithms and Other Theory

Linear Elasticity Equations

Linear elasticity equations for plane stress, plane strain, and 3-D problems.

Elliptic Equations

Mathematical definition and discussion of the elliptic equation