Convert beat frequency to range


  • r = beat2range(fb,slope) example
  • r = beat2range(fb,slope,c)



r = beat2range(fb,slope) converts the beat frequency of a dechirped linear FMCW signal to its corresponding range. slope is the slope of the FMCW sweep.

r = beat2range(fb,slope,c) specifies the signal propagation speed.


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Range of Target in FMCW Radar System

Assume that the FMCW waveform sweeps a band of 3 MHz in 2 ms. The dechirped target return has a beat frequency of 1 kHz.

slope = 30e6/(2e-3);
fb = 1e3;
r = beat2range(fb,slope);

Input Arguments

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fb — Beat frequency of dechirped signalM-by-1 vector | M-by-2 matrix

Beat frequency of dechirped signal, specified as an M-by-1 vector or M-by-2 matrix in hertz. If the FMCW signal performs an upsweep or downsweep, fb is a vector of beat frequencies.

If the FMCW signal has a triangular sweep, fb is an M-by-2 matrix in which each row represents a pair of beat frequencies. Each row has the form [UpSweepBeatFrequency,DownSweepBeatFrequency].

Data Types: double

slope — Sweep slopenonzero scalar

Slope of FMCW sweep, specified as a nonzero scalar in hertz per second. If the FMCW signal has a triangular sweep, slope is the sweep slope of the up-sweep half. In this case, slope must be positive and the down-sweep half is assumed to have a slope of -slope.

Data Types: double

c — Signal propagation speedspeed of light (default) | positive scalar

Signal propagation speed, specified as a positive scalar in meters per second.

Data Types: double

Output Arguments

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r — RangeM-by-1 column vector

Range, returned as an M-by-1 column vector in meters. Each row of r is the range corresponding to the beat frequency in a row of fb.

More About

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Beat Frequency

For an upsweep or downsweep FMCW signal, the beat frequency is FtFr. In this expression, Ft is the transmitted signal's carrier frequency, and Fr is the received signal's carrier frequency.

For an FMCW signal with triangular sweep, the upsweep and downsweep have separate beat frequencies.


If fb is a vector, the function computes c*fb/(2*slope).

If fb is an M-by-2 matrix with a row [UpSweepBeatFrequency,DownSweepBeatFrequency], the corresponding row in r is c*((UpSweepBeatFrequency - DownSweepBeatFrequency)/2)/(2*slope).


[1] Pace, Phillip. Detecting and Classifying Low Probability of Intercept Radar. Artech House, Boston, 2009.

[2] Skolnik, M.I. Introduction to Radar Systems. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1980.

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