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step

System object: phased.LinearFMWaveform
Package: phased

Samples of linear FM pulse waveform

Syntax

Y = step(sLFM)
Y = step(sLFM,prfidx)

Description

    Note:   Starting in R2016b, instead of using the step method to perform the operation defined by the System object™, you can call the object with arguments, as if it were a function. For example, y = step(obj,x) and y = obj(x) perform equivalent operations. When the only argument to the step method is the System object itself, replace y = step(obj) by y = obj().

Y = step(sLFM) returns samples of the linear FM pulse in a column vector Y.

Y = step(sLFM,prfidx), uses the prfidx index to select the PRF from the predefined vector of values specified by in the PRF property. This syntax applies when you set the PRFSelectionInputPort property to true.

    Note:   The object performs an initialization the first time the step method is executed. This initialization locks nontunable properties and input specifications, such as dimensions, complexity, and data type of the input data. If you change a nontunable property or an input specification, the System object issues an error. To change nontunable properties or inputs, you must first call the release method to unlock the object.

Examples

expand all

Construct a linear FM waveform having a sweep bandwidth of 300 kHz, a sample rate of 1 MHz, a pulse width of 50 microseconds, and a pulse repetition frequency of 10 kHz. Generate two pulses.

sLFM = phased.LinearFMWaveform('SweepBandwidth',3e5,...
    'OutputFormat','Pulses','SampleRate',1e6,...
    'PulseWidth',50e-6,'PRF',10e3,'NumPulses',2);

Obtain and plot the linear FM waveform.

wav = step(sLFM);
numpulses = size(wav,1);
t = [0:(numpulses-1)]/sLFM.SampleRate;
plot(t*1e6,real(wav))
xlabel('Time (\mu sec)')
ylabel('Amplitude')

Construct six linear FM waveform pulses having a sweep bandwidth of 300 kHz, a sample rate of 1 MHz, a pulse width of 50 microseconds, and a duty cycle of 20%. Vary the pulse repetition frequency.

Set the sample rate and PRF. The ratio of sample rate to PRF must be an integer.

fs = 1e6;
PRF = [10000,25000];
sLFM = phased.LinearFMWaveform('SweepBandwidth',3e5,...
    'OutputFormat','Pulses','SampleRate',fs,...
    'DurationSpecification','Duty Cycle','DutyCycle',.2,...
    'PRF',PRF,'NumPulses',1,'PRFSelectionInputPort',true);

Obtain and plot the linear FM waveforms. For the first three calls to the step method, set the PRF to 10kHz using the PRF index. For the next three calls, set the PRF to 25 kHz.

wav = [];
for n = 1:6
    idx = floor((n-1)/3)+1;
    wav1 = step(sLFM,idx);
    wav = [wav;wav1];
end
nsamps = size(wav,1);
t = [0:(nsamps-1)]/sLFM.SampleRate;
plot(t*1e6,real(wav))
xlabel('Time (\mu sec)')
ylabel('Amplitude')

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