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Rectangular Pulse Waveforms

Definition of Rectangular Pulse Waveform

Define the following function of time:

a(t)={10tτ0otherwise

Assume that a radar transmits a signal of the form:

x(t)=a(t)sin(ωct)

where ωc denotes the carrier frequency. Note that a(t) represents an on-off rectangular amplitude modulation of the carrier frequency. After demodulation, the complex envelope of x(t) is the real-valued rectangular pulse a(t) of duration τ seconds.

How to Create Rectangular Pulse Waveforms

To create a rectangular pulse waveform, use phased.RectangularWaveform. You can customize certain characteristics of the waveform, including:

  • Sampling rate

  • Pulse duration

  • Pulse repetition frequency

  • Number of samples or pulses in each vector that represents the waveform

Rectangular Waveform Plot

This example shows how to create a rectangular pulse waveform variable using phased.RectangularWaveform . The example also plots the pulse and finds the bandwidth of the pulse.

Construct a rectangular pulse waveform with a duration of 50 μs, a sample rate of 1 MHz, and a pulse repetition frequency (PRF) of 10 kHz.

sRect = phased.RectangularWaveform('SampleRate',1e6,...
    'PulseWidth',50e-6,'PRF',10e3);

Plot a single rectangular pulse by calling plot directly on the rectangular waveform variable. plot is a method of phased.RectangularWaveform. This method produces an annotated graph of your pulse waveform.

plot(sRect)

Find the bandwidth of the rectangular pulse.

bw = bandwidth(sRect)
bw =

       20000

The bandwidth, bw, of a rectangular pulse in hertz is approximately the reciprocal of the pulse duration 1/sRect.PulseWidth.

Pulses of Rectangular Waveform

This example shows how to create rectangular pulse waveform signals having different durations. The example plots two pulses of each waveform.

Create a rectangular pulse with a duration of 100 μs and a PRF of 1 kHz. Set the number of pulses in the output equal to two.

sRect = phased.RectangularWaveform('PulseWidth',100e-6,...
    'PRF',1e3,'OutputFormat','Pulses','NumPulses',2);

Make a copy of your rectangular pulse and change the pulse width in your original waveform to 10 μs.

sRect1 = clone(sRect);
sRect.PulseWidth = 10e-6;

sRect and sRect1 now specify different rectangular pulses because you changed the pulse width of sRect.

Use the step method to return two pulses of your rectangular pulse waveforms.

y = step(sRect);
y1 = step(sRect1);

Plot the real part of the waveforms.

totaldur = 2*1/sRect.PRF;
totnumsamp = totaldur*sRect.SampleRate;
t = unigrid(0,1/sRect.SampleRate,totaldur,'[)');
subplot(2,1,1)
plot(t.*1000,real(y)); axis([0 totaldur*1e3 0 1.5])
title('Two 10-\musec duration pulses (PRF = 1 kHz)')
set(gca,'XTick',0:0.2:totaldur*1e3)
subplot(2,1,2)
plot(t.*1000,real(y1)); axis([0 totaldur*1e3 0 1.5])
xlabel('Milliseconds')
title('Two 100-\musec duration pulses (PRF = 1 kHz)')
set(gca,'XTick',0:0.2:totaldur*1e3)

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