Model switching type positive temperature coefficient (PTC) thermistor
The PTC Thermistor block represents a switching type PTC thermistor. This type of thermistor has a decreasing resistance with temperature increasing up to the Curie temperature. Above the Curie temperature the resistance increases very rapidly with increasing temperature, as shown in the following plot. The region to the right of the Curie temperature is called the Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC) regime. To represent a non-switching linear PTC thermistor, use the Thermal Resistor block.
For a switching type PTC thermistor, the resistance R at temperature T is given by
Tc is the Curie temperature.
R0 is the resistance at nominal temperature T0.
R1 is the resistance at reference temperature T1.
T0 is the nominal temperature at which the resistance is quoted, usually room temperature. T0 is less than the Curie temperature Tc.
T1 is the reference temperature, equal or greater than the Curie temperature Tc, which means that at this temperature the PTC regime is in force.
α0 is the temperature coefficient at nominal temperature T0.
α1 is the temperature coefficient at reference temperature T1.
The following equation describes the thermal behavior of the block:
Q is the net heat flow into port A.
Kd is the Dissipation factor parameter value.
tc is the Thermal time constant parameter value.
dT/dt is the rate of change of the temperature.
Use the Variables section of the block interface to set the priority and initial target values for the block variables prior to simulation. For more information, see Set Priority and Initial Target for Block Variables (Simscape).
The nominal resistance of the thermistor at the nominal temperature.
Many datasheets quote the nominal resistance at 25°C and list
it as R25. The default value is
The temperature coefficient at the nominal temperature. The
value must be less than zero. The default value is
The temperature at which the nominal resistance is measured.
The default value is
The reference resistance of the thermistor at the reference
temperature. The default value is
The temperature coefficient at the reference temperature. The
value must be greater than zero. The default value is
The temperature at which the reference resistance is measured.
This temperature must be in the PTC regime. The default value is
The time it takes the sensor temperature to reach 63% of the
final temperature change when a step change in ambient temperature
occurs. The default value is
The thermal power required to raise the thermistor temperature
by one K. The default value is
The block has the following ports:
Positive electrical port
Negative electrical port