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# Reservoir

Pressurized hydraulic reservoir

## Library

Hydraulic Utilities

## Description

The Reservoir block represents a pressurized hydraulic reservoir, in which fluid is stored under a specified pressure. The pressure remains constant regardless of volume change. The block accounts for pressure loss in the return line that can be caused by a filter, fittings, or some other local resistance. The loss is specified with the pressure loss coefficient. The block computes the volume of fluid in the tank and exports it outside through the physical signal port V.

The fluid volume value does not affect the results of simulation. It is introduced merely for information purposes. It is possible for the fluid volume to become negative during simulation, which signals that the fluid volume is not enough for the proper operation of the system. By viewing the results of the simulation, you can determine the extent of the fluid shortage.

## Parameters

Pressurization level

The pressure inside the reservoir. The default value is 0.

Initial fluid volume

The initial volume of fluid in the tank. The default value is `0.02` m^3.

Return line diameter

The diameter of the return line. The default value is `0.02` m.

Pressure loss coefficient in return line

The value of the pressure loss coefficient, to account for pressure loss in the return line. This parameter must be greater than zero. The default value is `1`.

For reasons of computational robustness, the loss is computed with the equation similar to that used in the Fixed Orifice block:

`$q=\frac{1}{\sqrt{K}}{A}_{p}\sqrt{\frac{2}{\rho }{p}_{loss}}$`

The Critical Reynolds number is set to 15.

## Ports

The block has the following ports:

`P`

Hydraulic conserving port associated with the pump line.

`R`

Hydraulic conserving port associated with the return line.

`V`

Physical signal port that outputs the volume of fluid in the tank.

## See Also

#### Introduced in R2006b

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