Rotational damper based on polynomial or lookup-table parameterizations

Couplings & Drives/Springs & Dampers

The block represents a nonlinear rotational damper. Polynomial and lookup-table parameterizations define the nonlinear relationship between damping torque and relative angular velocity. The damping torque can be symmetric or asymmetric about the zero velocity point. The block applies equal and opposite damping torques on the two rotational conserving ports.

The symmetric polynomial parameterization defines the damping torque for both positive and negative relative velocities according to the expression:

$$T={b}_{1}\omega +sign(\omega )\cdot {b}_{2}{\omega}^{2}+{b}_{3}{\omega}^{3}+sign(\omega )\cdot {b}_{4}{\omega}^{4}+{b}_{5}{\omega}^{5},$$

*T*— Damping torque*b*,_{1}*b*, ...,_{2}*b*— Damping coefficients_{5}*ω*— Relative angular velocity between ports R and C, $$\omega ={\omega}_{R}-{\omega}_{C}$$*ω*— Absolute angular velocity associated with port R_{R}*ω*— Absolute angular velocity associated with port C_{C}

To avoid zero-crossings that slow simulation, eliminate
the sign function from the polynomial expression by specifying an
odd polynomial (*b*_{2},*b*_{4} =
0).

The two-sided polynomial parameterization defines the damping torque for both positive and negative relative velocities according to the expression:

$$T=\{\begin{array}{cc}{b}_{1p}\omega +{b}_{2p}{\omega}^{2}+{b}_{3p}{\omega}^{3}+{b}_{4p}{\omega}^{4}+{b}_{5p}{\omega}^{5},& \omega \ge 0\\ {b}_{1n}\omega +{b}_{2n}{\omega}^{2}+{b}_{3n}{\omega}^{3}+{b}_{4n}{\omega}^{4}+{b}_{5n}{\omega}^{5},& \omega <0\end{array},$$

*b*,_{1p}*b*, ...,_{2p}*b*— Damping coefficients for positive relative velocities_{5p}*b*,_{1n}*b*, ...,_{2n}*b*— Damping coefficients for negative relative velocities_{5n}

Both polynomial parameterizations use a fifth-order polynomial expression. To use a lower-order polynomial, set the unneeded higher-order coefficients to zero. To use a higher-order polynomial, fit to a lower-order polynomial or use the lookup table parameterization.

The lookup table parameterization defines damping torque based on a set of torque and angular velocity vectors. If not specified, the block automatically adds a data point at the origin (zero angular velocity and zero torque).

The block assumes viscous damping. The damping force depends only on velocity.

`C`

Rotational conserving port.

`R`

Rotational conserving port.

**Parameterization**Select damping parameterization. Options are

`By polynomial`

and`By lookup table`

.

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