Generate time-varying mass flow rate

Two-Phase Fluid/Sources

The Controlled Mass Flow Rate Source (2P) block generates a variable
mass flow rate in a two-phase fluid network branch. The source has two inlets, labeled
**A** and **B**, with
independently specified cross-sectional areas. By default, the source does isentropic
work on the fluid, though the block provides the option to ignore this work.

The source is ideal. In other words, it maintains the specified flow rate regardless of the pressure differential produced between its ports. In addition, because the source is isentropic, there is no viscous friction between the ports and no heat exchange with the environment. Use this block to model an idealized pump or compressor or to set a boundary condition in a model.

Use physical signal port **M** to specify the desired
mass flow rate. Use positive values for flows directed from port **A** to port **B** and negative values for
flows directed from port **B** to port **A**.

The volume of fluid in the source is considered negligible and is ignored in a model. There is no fluid accumulation between the ports and the sum of all mass flow rates into the source must therefore equal zero:

$${\dot{m}}_{\text{A}}+\text{}{\dot{m}}_{\text{B}}=0,$$

By default, the source maintains the specified flow rate by performing isentropic work on the incoming fluid, though the block provides the option to ignore this term. The rate at which the source does work, if considered in the model, must equal the sum of the energy flow rates through the ports:

$${\varphi}_{\text{A}}+\text{}{\varphi}_{\text{B}}+\text{}{\varphi}_{\text{Work}}=0,$$

$${\varphi}_{\text{Work}}={\dot{m}}_{\text{A}}\left({h}_{\text{A}}-{h}_{\text{B}}\right).$$

$${h}_{*}={u}_{*}+{p}_{*}{v}_{*}+\frac{1}{2}{\left(\frac{{\dot{m}}_{*}{v}_{*}}{S}\right)}^{2},$$

*u*is specific internal energy.*p*is pressure.*S*is flow area.

The specific internal energy in the equation is obtained from the tabulated
data of the Two-Phase Fluid Properties (2P)
block. Its value is uniquely determined from the constraint that the work done by the source
is isentropic. The specific entropy, a function of specific internal energy, must then have
the same value at ports **A** and **B**:

$${s}_{\text{A}}\left({p}_{\text{A}},{u}_{\text{A}}\right)={s}_{\text{B}}\left({p}_{\text{B}},{u}_{\text{B}}\right),$$

`None`

, the specific total
enthalpies at the ports have the same value ($${h}_{\text{A}}={h}_{\text{B}}$$) and the work done by the source reduces to zero ($${\varphi}_{\text{Work}}=0$$).Use the **Variables** tab in the block dialog
box (or the **Variables** section in the block Property
Inspector) to set the priority and initial target values for the block
variables prior to simulation. For more information, see Set Priority and Initial Target for Block Variables.

Controlled Volumetric Flow Rate Source (2P) | Mass Flow Rate Source (2P) | Volumetric Flow Rate Source (2P)

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