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Translational Inerter

Two-port inertia in mechanical translational systems

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Mechanical Translational Elements

Description

The Translational Inerter block represents a device that has force proportional to the rate of change of the relative velocity across the ports. It is essentially a two-port inertia that works on the velocity difference between the ports, not the absolute velocity. An inerter is the mechanical equivalent of a capacitor. An inerter with one port connected to ground essentially behaves as a mass with the mass equal to the inerter’s inertance.

Use this block in high performance suspension systems, to decouple weave and roll modes, or in applications where you need to model a passively tuned mass-spring-damper response.

The block is described with the following equations:

f=Bdvdt

v=vRvC

where

FForce transmitted through the inerter
BInertance
vRelative velocity
vR, vCAbsolute velocities at ports R and C, respectively

The block positive direction is from port R to port C. This means that the force is positive if it acts in the direction from R to C.

Variables

Use the Variables tab in the block dialog box (or the Variables section in the block Property Inspector) to set the priority and initial target values for the block variables prior to simulation. For more information, see Set Priority and Initial Target for Block Variables.

Parameters

Inertance

Proportionality coefficient between the force and the rate of change of the relative velocity across the ports. The default value is 1 kg.

Ports

The block has the following ports:

R

Mechanical translational conserving port associated with the rod.

C

Mechanical translational conserving port associated with the case.

See Also

Introduced in R2015b

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