Mean (Variable Frequency)

Compute mean value of signal


Control and Measurements/Measurements


The Mean (Variable Frequency) block computes the mean value of the signal connected to the second input of the block. The mean value is computed over a running average window of one cycle of the frequency of the signal:

Mean(f(t))=1T(tT)tf(t)dtf(t):input signal, T = 1/ frequency

This block uses a running average window. Therefore, one cycle of simulation must complete before the block outputs the computed mean value. For the first cycle of simulation, the output is held constant to the specified initial value.


Initial frequency (Hz)

Specify the frequency of the first cycle of simulation. Default is 60.

Minimum frequency (Hz)

The minimum frequency value determines the buffer size of the Variable Time Delay block used inside the block to compute the mean value. Default is 45.

Initial input (DC component)

Specify the initial value of the input during the first cycle of simulation. Default is 0.

Sample time

Specify the sample time of the block, in seconds. Set to 0 to implement a continuous block. Default is 0.

Inputs and Outputs


The frequency of the signal.


Connects to the signal to be analyzed.


The mean value of the signal.


Sample TimeSpecified in the Sample Time parameter
Continuous if Sample Time = 0
Scalar ExpansionYes, of the parameters


The power_MeanVariableFrequency model compares the Mean block to the Mean (Variable Frequency) block for three identical input signals. It shows that, even if the frequency of the input signals varies during the simulation, the Mean (Variable Frequency) block outputs correct values.

The model sample time is parameterized by the Ts variable with a default value of 50e-6 s. Set Ts to 0 in the command window to simulate the model in continuous mode.

Introduced in R2013a

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