Documentation |
Generate pulses for SVPWM-controlled two-level converter
The SVPWM Generator (2-Level) block generates pulses for three-phase two-level DC/AC converters using the space-vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) technique.
The converter switches are represented by the following equivalent circuit:
As shown in the following figure, the objective of the SVPWM technique is to approximate the reference voltage vector (U_{ref}) instantaneously by combining the switching states corresponding to the basic space vectors.
More precisely, for every PWM period, the reference vector U_{ref} is averaged by using its two adjacent space vectors (U_{3} and U_{4} in the figure) for a certain duration of time and a null vector (U_{7} or U_{8}) for the rest of the period.
Vector | Q1 | Q3 | Q5 |
---|---|---|---|
U_{1} | 1 | 0 | 0 |
U_{2} | 1 | 1 | 0 |
U_{3} | 0 | 1 | 0 |
U_{4} | 0 | 1 | 1 |
U_{5} | 0 | 0 | 1 |
U_{6} | 1 | 0 | 1 |
U_{7} | 0 | 0 | 0 |
U_{8} | 1 | 1 | 1 |
The block implements two symmetrical switching patterns[1]:
Pattern #1: With this pattern, known as Software-Determined, each PWM channel switches twice per every PWM period.
Pattern #2: With this pattern, known as Hardware-Determined, one PWM channel remains constant for the entire PWM period. Consequently, the number of switching times for this pattern is less than pattern #1. As a result, switching losses are reduced with Pattern #2.
Specify the type of reference vector.
When set to Magnitude-Angle (rad), the U_{ref} vector is specified by the following inputs:
|U| Magnitude of Uref (value between 0 and 1)
When set to alpha-beta components, the U_{ref} vector is specified by the Uα and Uβ inputs.
When set to Internally generated, the U_{ref} is no longer an input to the block. It is internally generated in order to control the converter output voltage as specified in the output voltage parameter.
When set to Pattern #1, every device of the converter switches twice per every PWM period.
When set to Pattern #2, the status of one of the three arms stays constant (no switching) for the entire PWM period.
Specify the PWM frequency that determines the PWM period.
$$PWMperiod=1/PWMFrequency$$
Specify the magnitude, phase, and frequency of the output voltage of the two level converter controlled by the block. The magnitude of the fundamental component of the converter line-to-line output voltage is defined as
$${V}_{LLrms}=m\times \frac{{V}_{dc}}{\sqrt{2}}$$
This parameter is visible only when the Data type of input reference vector Uref parameter is set to Internally generated.
Specify the sample time of the block, in seconds. Set to 0 to implement a continuous block.
When the Data type of input reference vector Uref parameter is set to Magnitude-Angle (rad), the two block inputs are the magnitude and the phase, in radians, of the rotating reference vector U_{ref}.
When the Data type of input reference vector Uref parameter is set to alpha-beta components, the two block inputs are the alpha-beta components of U_{ref}.
The output contains the six pulse signals to fire the self-commutated devices (Q1 to Q6) of a converter device.
Sample Time | Specified in the Sample Time parameter Continuous if Sample Time = 0 |
Scalar Expansion | No |
Dimensionalized | No |
The power_SVPWMGenerator2Levelpower_SVPWMGenerator2Level model uses two simple circuits to show how the SVPWM Generator (2-Level) works and to compare the two switching pattern options. Run the simulation and open the FFT Analysis tool of the Powergui block to see the harmonics and the THD value of the voltages produced by the two converters.
The model sample time is parameterized by the Ts variable set to a default value of 2e-6 s. Set Ts to 0 in the command window and change the Simulation type parameter of the Powergui block to Continuous to simulate the model in continuous mode.