Three-Phase Power Measurement

Measure three-phase real and reactive power

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The Three-Phase Power Measurement block measures the real and reactive power of an element in a three-phase network. The block outputs the power quantities for each frequency component you specify in the selected symmetrical sequence.

Use this block to measure power for both sinusoidal and nonsinusoidal periodic signals. For single-phase power measurement, consider using the Power Measurement block.

Set the Sample time parameter to 0 for continuous-time operation, or explicitly for discrete-time operation.

Specify a vector of all frequency components to include in the power output using the Harmonic numbers parameter:

  • To output the DC component, specify 0.

  • To output the component corresponding to the fundamental frequency, specify 1.

  • To output components corresponding to higher-order harmonics, specify n > 1.


For each specified harmonic k, the block calculates the real power Pk and reactive power Qk for the specified sequence from the phasor equation:



  • VkejθVk is the phasor representing the k-component voltage of the selected sequence.

  • IkejθIk¯ is the complex conjugate of IkejθIk, the phasor representing the k-component current of the selected sequence.

Select the symmetrical sequence used in the power calculation using the Sequence parameter:

  • Positive:


  • Negative:


  • Zero:


The block calculates the symmetrical set of +-0 voltage phasors from the set of abc voltage phasors using the symmetrical components transform S:


For more information about this transform, see Symmetrical Components Transform.

The block obtains this set of abc voltage phasors from the three-phase input voltage V(t) as:


where T is the period of the input signal, or equivalently the inverse of its base frequency F.

The block calculates the symmetrical set of current phasors in the same way as it does the voltage.

If the input signals have a finite number of harmonics n, the total real power P and total reactive power Q for the specified sequence can be calculated from their components:



The summation for Q does not include the DC component (k = 0), because this component only contributes to real power.



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Three-phase voltage across element from which to measure power, in V.

Data Types: single | double

Three-phase current through element from which to measure power, in A.

Data Types: single | double


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Real power for selected frequency components, in W.

Data Types: single | double

Reactive power for selected frequency components, in var.

Data Types: single | double


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Fundamental frequency corresponding to component k=1.

Frequency components to include in the output. Specify either a scalar value corresponding to the desired component or a vector of all desired components.

  • The value k = 0 corresponds to the DC component.

  • The value k = 1 corresponds to the fundamental frequency.

  • Values k > 1 correspond to higher-level harmonics.

If you specify a vector, the order of the power outputs correspond to the order of this vector.

Symmetrical sequence of the power output.

Sample time for the block. For continuous operation, set this property to 0. For discrete operation, specify the sample time explicitly. This block does not support inherited sample time.

Introduced in R2017b

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