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Transmission Line

Three-phase transmission line using lumped-parameter pi-line model

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Passive Devices

Description

The Transmission Line block models a three-phase transmission line using the lumped-parameter pi-line model. This model takes into account phase resistance, phase self-inductance, line-line mutual inductance and resistance, line-line capacitance, and line-ground capacitance.

To simplify the block-defining equations, Clarke’s transformation is used. The resulting equations are:

V1V2=[R+2RmRRmRRm]I1+[L+2MLMLM]dI1dt

I1+I2=[CgCg+3ClCg+3Cl]dV2dt

I1=TI1

I2=TI2

V1=TV1

V2=TV2

T=13[1201123211232]

where:

  • R is the line resistance for the segment.

  • Rm is the mutual resistance for the segment.

  • L is the line inductance for the segment.

  • Cg is the line-ground capacitance for the segment.

  • Cl is the line-line capacitance for the segment.

  • T is the Clarke’s transformation matrix.

  • I1 is the three-phase current flowing into the ~1 port.

  • I2 is the three-phase current flowing into the ~2 port.

  • V1 is the three-phase voltage at the ~1 port.

  • V2 is the three-phase voltage at the ~2 port.

The positive and zero-sequence parameters are defined by the diagonal terms in the transformed equations:

R0=R+2Rm

R1=RRm

L0=L+2M

L1=LM

C0=Cg

C1=Cg+3Cl

Rearranging these equations gives the physical line quantities in terms of positive and zero-sequence parameters:

R=2R1+R03

Rm=R0R13

L=2L1+L03

M=L0L13

Cl=C1C03

Cg=C0

The figure shows the equivalent electrical circuit for a single-segment pi-line model using Clarke’s transformation.

To increase fidelity, you can use the Number of segments parameter to repeat the pi-section N times, resulting in an N-segment transmission line model. More segments significantly slows down your simulation.

To improve numerical performance, you can add parasitic resistance and conductance components. Choosing large values for these components improves simulation speed but decreases simulation accuracy.

Parameters

Main tab

Line length

Length of the transmission line. The default value is 1 km.

Resistance

Resistance of the transmission line per phase per-unit length. The default value is 0.02 Ohm/km.

Inductance

Self-inductance of the transmission line per phase per-unit length. The default value is 0.5 mH/km.

Mutual inductance

Line-line mutual inductance per-unit length. Set this to 0 to remove mutual inductance. The default value is 0.1 mH/km.

Line-line capacitance

Line-line capacitance per-unit length. The default value is 0.3 μF/km.

Line-ground capacitance

Line-ground capacitance per-unit length. The default value is 0 μF/km (no line-ground capacitance).

Mutual Resistance

Line-line mutual resistance per unit length. The default value is 0 Ohm/km (no line-line mutual resistance).

Number of segments

Number of segments in the pi-line model. The default value is 1.

Parasitics tab

Parasitic series resistance

Resistance value, divided by the number of segments, that is added in series with every capacitor in the model. The default value is 1e-6 Ohm.

Parasitic parallel conductance

Conductance value, divided by the number of segments, that is added in parallel with every series resistor and inductor in the model. The default value is 1e-6 1/Ohm.

Ports

The block has the following ports:

~1

Expandable three-phase port

~2

Expandable three-phase port

g1

Electrical conserving port corresponding to ground connection at ~1 end of the transmission line

g2

Electrical conserving port corresponding to ground connection at ~2 end of the transmission line

Introduced in R2013b

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