Stability factor μ of 2-port network
[mu,muprime] = stabilitymu(s_params)
[mu,muprime] = stabilitymu(s_params) calculates
and returns the stability factors μ and μ′ of
a 2-port network. The input
s_params is a complex
2-by-2-by-M array, representing M 2-port
[mu,muprime] = stabilitymu(hs) calculates
and returns the stability factors for the network represented by the
The stability factor, μ, defines the minimum distance between the center of the unit Smith chart and the unstable region in the load plane. The function assumes that port 2 is the load.
The stability factor, μ′, defines the minimum distance between the center of the unit Smith chart and the unstable region in the source plane. The function assumes that port 1 is the source.
Having μ > 1 or μ′ > 1 is the necessary and sufficient condition for the 2-port linear network to be unconditionally stable, as described by the S-parameters.
Examine the stability of network data from a file:
% Calculate stability factor and conditions ckt = read(rfckt.passive,'passive.s2p'); s_params = ckt.NetworkData.Data; freq = ckt.NetworkData.Freq; [mu muprime] = stabilitymu(s_params); % Check stability criteria stability_index = (mu>1)|(muprime>1); is_stable = all(stability_index) % List frequencies with unstable S-parameters freq_unstable = freq(~stability_index);
stabilitymu calculates the stability factors
using the equations
S11, S12, S21,
and S22 are S-parameters,
from the input argument
Δ is a vector whose members are the determinants of the M 2-port S-parameter matrices:
S* is the complex conjugate of the corresponding S-parameter.
The function performs these calculations element-wise for each
of the M S-parameter matrices in
Edwards, Marion Lee, and Jeffrey H. Sinsky, "A New Criterion for Linear 2-Port Stability Using a Single Geometrically Derived Parameter," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 40, No. 12, pp. 2303-2311, December 1992.