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rfckt.twowire

Two-wire transmission line

Description

Use the twowire class to represent two-wire transmission lines that are characterized by line dimensions, stub type, and termination.

A two-wire transmission line is shown in cross-section in the following figure. Its physical characteristics include the radius of the wires a, the separation or physical distance between the wire centers S, and the relative permittivity and permeability of the wires. RF Toolbox™ software assumes the relative permittivity and permeability are uniform.

Creation

Syntax

h = rfckt.twowire
h = rfckt.twowire('Property1',value1,'Property2',value2,...)

Description

example

h = rfckt.twowire returns a shunt RLC network object whose properties all have their default values. The default object is equivalent to a pass-through 2-port network; i.e., the resistor, inductor, and capacitor are each replaced by a short circuit.

h = rfckt.twowire('Property1',value1,'Property2',value2,...) sets properties using one or more name-value pairs. You can specify multiple name-value pairs. Enclose each property name in a quote

Properties

expand all

Computed S-parameters, noise figure, OIP3, and group delay values, specified as a rfdata.data object. This is a read-only property. For more information refer, Algorithms.

Data Types: function_handle

Relative permittivity of dielectric, specified as a scalar. The relative permittivity is the ratio of permittivity of the dielectric,ε, to the permittivity in free space, ε0. The default value is 2.3.

Data Types: double

Physical length of transmission line, specified as a scalar in meters. The default value is 0.01.

Data Types: double

Tangent of loss angle of dielectric, specified as a scalar. The default value is 0.

Data Types: double

Relative permeability of dielectric, specified as a scalar. The ratio of permeability of dielectric, μ, to the permeability in free space, μ0. The default value is 1.

Data Types: double

Object name, specified as a 1-by-N character array. This is a read-only property.

Data Types: char

Number of ports, specified as a positive integer. This is a read-only property. The default value is 2.

Data Types: double

Conducting wire radius, specified as a scalar in meters. The default value is 6.7e-4.

Data Types: double

Conductor conductivity, specified as a scalar in Siemens per meter (S/m). The default value is Inf.

Data Types: double

Type of stub, specified as a one of the following values: 'NotaStub', 'Series', 'Shunt'.

Data Types: double

Stub transmission line termination, specified as one of the following values: 'NotaStub', 'Series', 'Shunt'.

Data Types: double

Object Functions

analyzeAnalyze circuit object in frequency domain
calculateCalculate specified parameters for circuit object
circleDraw circles on Smith chart
getz0Characteristic impedance of transmission line object
listformatList valid formats for specified circuit object parameter
listparamList valid parameters for specified circuit object
loglogPlot specified circuit object parameters using log-log scale
plotPlot specified circuit object parameters on X-Y plane
plotyyPlot specified object parameters with y-axes on both left and right sides
polarPlot specified circuit object parameters on polar coordinates
semilogxPlot specified circuit object parameters using log scale for x-axis
semilogyPlot specified circuit object parameters using log scale for y-axis
smithPlot specified circuit object parameters on Smith chart
writeWrite RF data from circuit or data object to file

Examples

expand all

Create a two-wire transmission line object using rfckt.twowire.

tx1=rfckt.twowire('Radius',7.5e-4)
tx1 = 

   rfckt.twowire with properties:

            Radius: 7.5000e-04
        Separation: 0.0016
               MuR: 1
          EpsilonR: 2.3000
       LossTangent: 0
         SigmaCond: Inf
        LineLength: 0.0100
          StubMode: 'NotAStub'
       Termination: 'NotApplicable'
             nPort: 2
    AnalyzedResult: []
              Name: 'Two-Wire Transmission Line'

Algorithms

  • If you model the transmission line as a stubless line, the analyze method first calculates the ABCD-parameters at each frequency contained in the modeling frequencies vector. It then uses the abcd2s function to convert the ABCD-parameters to S-parameters.

    The analyze method calculates the ABCD-parameters using the physical length of the transmission line, d, and the complex propagation constant, k, using the following equations:

    A=ekd+ekd2B=Z0*(ekdekd)2C=ekdekd2*Z0D=ekd+ekd2

    Z0 and k are vectors whose elements correspond to the elements of f, the vector of frequencies specified in the analyze input argument freq. Both can be expressed in terms of the resistance (R), inductance (L), conductance (G), and capacitance (C) per unit length (meters) as follows:

    Z0=R+j2πfLG+j2πfCk=kr+jki=(R+j2πfL)(G+j2πFC)

    where

    R=1πaσcondδcondL=μπacosh(D2a)G=πωεacosh(D2a)C=πεacosh(D2a)

    In these equations:

    • w is the plate width.

    • d is the plate separation.

    • σcond is the conductivity in the conductor.

    • μ is the permeability of the dielectric.

    • ε is the permittivity of the dielectric.

    • ε″ is the imaginary part of ε, ε″  = ε0εrtan δ, where:

      • ε0 is the permittivity of free space.

      • εr is the EpsilonR property value.

      • tan δ is the LossTangent property value.

    • δcond is the skin depth of the conductor, which the block calculates as 1/πfμσcond.

    • f is a vector of modeling frequencies determined by the Outport block.

  • If you model the transmission line as a shunt or series stub, the analyze method first calculates the ABCD-parameters at the specified frequencies. It then uses the abcd2s function to convert the ABCD-parameters to S-parameters.

    When you set the StubMode property to 'Shunt', the 2-port network consists of a stub transmission line that you can terminate with either a short circuit or an open circuit as shown in the following figure.

    Zin is the input impedance of the shunt circuit. The ABCD-parameters for the shunt stub are calculated as:

    A=1B=0C=1/ZinD=1

    When you set the StubMode property to 'Series', the 2-port network consists of a series transmission line that you can terminate with either a short circuit or an open circuit as shown in the following figure.

    Zin is the input impedance of the series circuit. The ABCD-parameters for the series stub are calculated as:

    A=1B=ZinC=0D=1

References

[1] Pozar, David M. Microwave Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.

Introduced in R2009a

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